Ithaca College

School of Health Sciences and Human Performance

Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies

Margaret Arnold, Associate Professor and Chair

The Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies offers three majors -- outdoor adventure leadership, recreation management, and therapeutic recreation. These majors allow students to specialize in recreation program areas and settings of particular interest and lead to a broad range of careers in the recreation, park, and leisure professions. The program is accredited by the Council on Accreditation sponsored by the National Recreation and Park Association (NRPA) and the American Association for Physical Activity and Recreation (AAPAR). Two minors are also available -- one in recreation and one in outdoor recreation.
Outdoor Adventure Leadership, B.S.
Recreation Management, B.S.
Therapeutic Recreation, B.S.
Outdoor Recreation Minor
Recreation Minor

B.S. in Outdoor Adventure Leadership

Careers in outdoor recreation are an exciting, varied, and unique aspect of the leisure profession. The outdoor adventure leadership major is designed for the individual who is enthusiastic about outdoor activities such as backpacking, kayaking, snowshoeing, cross-country skiing, and wilderness travel, and who would like to work in the outdoors in a leadership position. The outdoor adventure leadership curriculum builds outdoor recreation knowledge and skills, as well as develops leadership skills to teach outdoor skills to others and safely oversee outdoor recreation programs. Career opportunities exist in outdoor leadership, outdoor education, team building, camp management, natural resource management, environmental interpretation, programs that serve youth at risk, and the adventure travel industry.

The outdoor adventure leadership program is affiliated with the Wilderness Education Association (WEA). WEA's 18-point curriculum, which emphasizes sound judgment and decision making in the context of acquiring professional knowledge and outdoor skills, is infused within the outdoor adventure leadership curriculum. Graduates of the program are eligible to apply for WEA National Standards Program for Outdoor Leadership certification, which is recognized across the country for enhancing safety standards of adventure travel and for wilderness conservation.

Special Academic Status Policy for Outdoor Adventure Leadership Majors

1. A student in this major must receive a semester grade of at least C- in all required RLS prefix courses.

2. A student who fails to complete a required RLS prefix course with a grade of at least C- must repeat the course. The Ithaca College policies on repeating courses must be followed.
Repeating a Course

3. A student who receives less than a C- after repeating a required RLS xxxxx course will be subject to dismissal from the program. A student dismissed from the program may be eligible to enter other Ithaca College degree programs.

4. A student dismissed from a professional practicum is subject to receiving a failing grade and, in that case, must complete a prescribed program of remediation prior to a second placement. The student must register again for the practicum. A student dismissed from a professional practicum a second time is subject to dismissal from the program.

5. In exceptional cases, a student may be readmitted to the program upon satisfying conditions determined by the faculty.

At least 60 credits of liberal arts are required to graduate with a B.S. degree. All candidates for the B.S. degree in outdoor adventure leadership must complete a minimum of 120 credits in the components described below.

Requirements for the Major in Outdoor Adventure Leadership -- B.S.

General requirements
Liberal arts requirements

BIOL xxxxx

Biology elective or

EXSS 12000

Anatomy and Physiology I (4)

3-4

HIST 27000

History of American Environmental Thought

3

MATH xxxxx

Mathematics elective

3-4

SPCM xxxxx

Speech communication elective (SPCM 11000, SPCM 11500, SPCM 14000, or SPCM 14900)

3

PSYC 10400

Introduction to Developmental Psychology or

PSYC 20400

Principles of Developmental Psychology

3

SOCI xxxxx

Sociology elective

3

WRTG 10600

Academic Writing I or

WRTG 11100

Academic Writing II

3

WRTG xxxxx

Applied writing elective (not WRTG 10100)

3

Total, liberal arts

24-26

Cultural diversity elective

Select one of the following:

POLT 12900

Introduction to Global Studies (3)

POLT 14100

Power: Race, Sex, and Class (3)

SPCM 34700

Intercultural Communication (3)

SOCI 11600

Introduction to Multicultural Studies (3)

SOCI 13000

Youth and Youth Cultures (3)

SOCI 20700

Race and Ethnicity (3)

SOCI 22600

Sociology of Hispanic Americans (3)

SOCI 30300

Global Race and Ethnic Relations (3)

SOCI 32500

Race, Class, and Gender (3)

ANTH 10400

Cultural Anthropology (3)

ANTH 12900

Introduction to Global Studies (3)

HPS 11000

War, Hunger, and Genocide (3)

HPS 12900

Introduction to Global Studies (3)

HPS 25000

International Health Issues (3)

HINT 31200

Health Care and Culture (2) and

HINT 31300

Health Care and Culture: International Field Experience (1)

3

Total, cultural diversity

3

Fine arts elective

Fine arts course

      3

Total, general requirements (LA)

30-32

Recreation and leisure studies interdisciplinary core

RLS 10300

History and Philosophy of Leisure

3

RLS 10500

Leadership

3

RLS 12500

Understanding Disability: Characteristics, Causes, Services

3

RLS 13900

Computer Applications in Recreation

3

RLS 23200

Program Planning

3

RLS 23500

Design and Operation of Areas and Facilities

3

RLS 33000

Administration of Recreation

3

RLS 33200

Research Methods

3

RLS 34000

Inclusive Community Leisure Services

3

RLS 45300

Seminar: Professional Development

3

HLTH 12200

Emergency Health Care

1

Total, professional core

31

Outdoor adventure leadership core

RLS 15100

Foundations of Outdoor Adventure Pursuits

3

RLS 21600

Outdoor Adventure Skills

3

RLS 27700

Ecotourism and Natural Resource Management or

RLS 35200

Outdoor Education

3

RLS 35400

Leadership and Administration of Outdoor Pursuits

3

RLS 42100

Wilderness Expedition Leadership

3

Total, outdoor adventure leadership core

15

Outdoor adventure leadership practicum

A minimum of 6 credits must be earned in either RLS 34900 or RLS 44100, both of which can be taken for variable credit. The total number of practicum credits earned for the degree may not exceed 15, including those earned in fieldwork courses outside the major. Practicum credits beyond the 12 required may be counted as free electives. Additionally, students must document a minimum of 750 hours of out-of-class trip leading (e.g., campus clubs, personal trips) as a requirement for graduation from the major. Students will discuss the parameters of this requirement with their adviser upon entry into the major.

Internships must be approved by the department chair. To be eligible for an internship (RLS 44100), an outdoor adventure leadership major must meet the following prerequisites:

  • GPA of at least 2.50 in Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies courses
  • minimum average of 3.00 in RLS 24800 and RLS 34800, Fieldwork I and II
  • cumulative GPA of at least 2.00 and at least 24 credits earned in the last 12 months
  • completion of at least 24 credits of required recreation (RLS xxxxx) courses and at least 6 credits of recreation electives (RLS xxxxx)

RLS 24800

Fieldwork I

      3

RLS 34800

Fieldwork II

      3

RLS 34900

Advanced Fieldwork or

RLS 44100

Internship in Recreation and Leisure Studies

   6-9

Total, professional practicum

12-15

Liberal arts electives

Total

  17-18

Free electives

Total

  10-14

Summary

General requirements

30-32

Professional core courses

     31

Outdoor adventure leadership core courses

     15

Professional practicum

12-15

Liberal arts electives

17-18

Free electives

10-14

Total, B.S. in outdoor adventure leadership

   120

B.S. in Recreation Management

Leisure professionals are people who value leisure as a meaningful pursuit across the life span and who work with others to promote personal growth, fitness, wellness, creativity, healthy leisure choices, and overall quality of life through recreation. Recreation management majors gain knowledge and skills in leadership, recreation program planning, group dynamics, facilitation techniques, cultural competence, research methods, supervision, and administration through a variety of in-class and experiential learning activities. Students may specialize in recreation service delivery areas, such as public parks and recreation, youth services, leadership development, commercial recreation, tourism, or hospitality. Students may also choose to combine the major with a minor in, for example, psychology, business, health, or nutrition promotion.

Careers in recreation management are growing, and opportunities exist in a variety of settings. Leisure professionals are employed in parks and recreation departments, nonprofit agencies, fitness centers, youth-serving agencies, and camps. Graduates may also pursue careers in recreation business enterprises, travel and tourism, hospitality, resorts, theme parks, convention centers, events planning, and visitor bureaus. Graduates of the recreation management program are eligible to apply for certification as a certified park and recreation professional through the National Recreation and Park Association.

Special Academic Status Policy for Recreation Management Majors

1. A student in this major must receive a semester grade of at least C- in all required RLS prefix courses.

2. A student who fails to complete a required RLS prefix course with a grade of at least C- must repeat the course. The Ithaca College policies on repeating courses must be followed.
Repeating a Course

3. A student who receives less than a C- after repeating a required RLS course will be subject to dismissal from the program. A student dismissed from the program may be eligible to enter other Ithaca College degree programs.

4. A student dismissed from a professional practicum is subject to receiving a failing grade and, in that case, must complete a prescribed program of remediation prior to a second placement. The student must register again for the practicum. A student dismissed from a professional practicum a second time is subject to dismissal from the program.

5. In exceptional cases, a student may be readmitted to the program upon satisfying conditions determined by the faculty.

At least 60 credits of liberal arts are required to graduate with a B.S. degree. All candidates for the B.S. degree in recreation management must complete a minimum of 120 credits in the components described below.

Requirements for the Major in Recreation Management -- B.S.

General requirements
Liberal arts requirements

BIOL xxxxx

Biology elective or

EXSS 12000

Anatomy and Physiology I (4)

3-4

HIST xxxxx

History elective

3

MATH xxxxx

Mathematics elective

3-4

SPCM xxxxx

Speech communication elective (SPCM 11000, SPCM 11500, SPCM 14000, or SPCM 14900)

3

PSYC 10400

Introduction to Developmental Psychology or

PSYC 20400

Principles of Developmental Psychology

3

SOCI xxxxx

Sociology elective

3

WRTG 10600

Academic Writing I or

WRTG 11100

Academic Writing II

3

WRTG xxxxx

Applied writing elective (not WRTG 10100)

3

Total, liberal arts

24-26

Cultural diversity elective

Select one of the following:

POLT 12900

Introduction to Global Studies (3)

POLT 14100

Power: Race, Sex, and Class (3)

SPCM 34700

Intercultural Communication (3)

SOCI 11600

Introduction to Multicultural Studies (3)

SOCI 13000

Youth and Youth Cultures (3)

SOCI 20700

Race and Ethnicity (3)

SOCI 22600

Sociology of Hispanic Americans (3)

SOCI 30300

Global Race and Ethnic Relations (3)

SOCI 32500

Race, Class, and Gender (3)

ANTH 10400

Cultural Anthropology (3)

ANTH 12900

Introduction to Global Studies (3)

HPS 12900

Introduction to Global Studies (3)

HPS 25000

International Health Issues (3)

HINT 31200

Health Care and Culture (2) and

HINT 31300

Health Care and Culture: International Field Experience (1)

3

Total, cultural diversity

3

Fine arts elective

Fine arts elective

      3

Total, general requirements

30-32

Recreation and leisure studies interdisciplinary core

RLS 10300

History and Philosophy of Leisure

3

RLS 10500

Leadership

3

RLS 12500

Understanding Disability: Characteristics, Causes, Services

3

RLS 13900

Computer Applications in Recreation

3

RLS 23200

Program Planning

3

RLS 23500

Design and Operation of Areas and Facilities

3

RLS 33000

Administration of Recreation

3

RLS 33200

Research Methods

3

RLS 34000

Inclusive Community Leisure Services

3

RLS 45300

Seminar: Professional Development

3

HLTH 12200

Emergency Health Care

1

Total, professional core

31

Recreation management core
GBUS 20300 Legal Environment of Business I  3
RLS 33100 Supervision of Recreation Personnel  3
Total, recreation management core  6
Recreation management electives

A minimum of 9 credits is required. Three credits must have a liberal arts (LA) designation. The courses listed below meet the LA requirement. The remaining 6 credits may be selected from any RLS prefix courses.

RLS 15100

Foundations of Outdoor Adventure Pursuits (3)

RLS 21500

Youth at Risk (3)

RLS 23800

Leisure and Aging (3)

RLS 27700

Ecotourism and Natural Resource Management (3)

RLS 33400

Leisure Education (3)

RLS 36600

Social and Cultural Aspects of Play (3)

RLS 45000

Independent Study (3)

Total, recreation management electives

9

Recreation management practicum

A minimum of 6 credits must be earned in either RLS 34900 or RLS 44100, both of which can be taken for variable credit. The total number of practicum credits earned for the degree may not exceed 15, including those earned in fieldwork courses outside the major. Practicum credits beyond the 12 required may be counted as free electives.

Internships must be approved by the department chair. To be eligible for an internship (RLS 44100), a recreation management major must meet the following prerequisites:

  • GPA of at least 2.50 in Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies courses
  • minimum average of 3.00 in RLS 24800 and RLS 34800, Fieldwork I and II
  • cumulative GPA of at least 2.00 and at least 24 credits earned in the last 12 months
  • completion of at least 24 credits of required recreation courses (RLS xxxxx) and at least 6 credits of recreation electives (RLS xxxxx)

RLS 24800

Fieldwork I

      3

RLS 34800

Fieldwork II

      3

RLS 34900

Advanced Fieldwork or

RLS 44100

Internship in Recreation and Leisure Studies

   6-9

Total, professional practicum

12-15

Liberal arts electives

Liberal arts electives

  16-18

Free electives

Free electives

  11-14

Summary

General requirements

30-32

Professional core

     31

Recreation management core       6

Recreation management electives

      9

Professional practicum

12-15

Liberal arts electives

16-18

Free electives

11-14

Total, B.S. in recreation management

   120

B.S. in Therapeutic Recreation

Therapeutic recreation offers career opportunities for those who are interested in working with individuals with disabilities and other health conditions by using recreation as an intervention to promote independence, functioning, and quality of life. Therapeutic recreation specialists assess physical, social, emotional, behavioral, and cognitive functioning to determine the individual's needs, interests, abilities, and goals. With this information, they develop individualized treatment plans and intervention strategies to address functional limitations and support the individual's goals toward health and wellness.

Therapeutic recreation specialists utilize a wide variety of recreational activities to rehabilitate, maintain, or enhance their clients' functional abilities. These activities can include arts, crafts, music, dance, drama, horticulture, adventure programs, interaction with pets, sports, games, and community-based outings. These activities help individuals build self-esteem, interact effectively with others, develop physical and cognitive abilities, and learn new skills.

Career placements in therapeutic recreation are on the rise, and opportunities are best for individuals with a bachelor's degree. Therapeutic recreation specialists work in a variety of settings. In clinical settings, such as hospitals and rehabilitation centers, they treat or rehabilitate individuals with specific medical problems in cooperation with an interdisciplinary team of physicians, social workers, occupational therapists, and physical therapists, among others. In nursing homes and residential facilities, therapeutic recreation specialists utilize activities to enhance general health and quality of life. In the community, therapeutic recreation specialists work with recreation department agencies, special education programs, correctional facilities, youth-at-risk agencies, and programs for older adults. In these settings, therapeutic recreation specialists develop interventions that promote self-efficacy, community inclusion, fitness, healthy leisure behaviors, and overall quality of life.

Graduates of the therapeutic recreation program are eligible to apply for certification through the National Council for Therapeutic Recreation Certification. All of the graduates from the therapeutic recreation program have passed the certification exam.

Special Academic Status Policy for Therapeutic Recreation Majors

1. A student in the therapeutic recreation major must receive a semester grade of at least C- in all required RLS prefix courses.

2. A student who fails to complete a required RLS prefix course with at least a C- grade must repeat the course. The Ithaca College policies on repeating courses must be followed.
Repeating a Course

3. A student who receives less than a C- after repeating a required RLS prefix course will be subject to dismissal from the program. A student dismissed from the program may be eligible to enter other Ithaca College degree programs.

4. A student dismissed from a professional practicum is subject to receiving a failing grade and, in that case, must complete a prescribed program of remediation prior to a second placement. The student must register again for the practicum. A student dismissed from a professional practicum a second time is subject to dismissal from the program.

5. In an exceptional case, a student may be readmitted to this program upon satisfying conditions determined by the faculty.

Requirements for the Major in Therapeutic Recreation -- B.S.

At least 60 credits of liberal arts courses are required to graduate with a B.S. degree. All candidates for the B.S. degree in therapeutic recreation must complete a minimum of 120 credits in the various components described below.

General requirements
Liberal arts requirements

HIST xxxxx

History elective

3

MATH xxxxx

Math elective

3-4

PHIL 23000

Bioethics

3

SPCM xxxxx

Speech communication (SPCM 11000, SPCM 11500, SPCM 14000, or SPCM 14900)

3

PSYC 10400

Introduction to Developmental Psychology or

PSYC 20400

Principles of Developmental Psychology

3

PSYC 32100

Abnormal Psychology

3

SOCI xxxxx

Sociology elective

3

WRTG 10600

Academic Writing I or

WRTG 11100

Academic Writing II (by placement)

3

WRTG xxxxx

Writing elective (not WRTG 10100)

3

Total, liberal arts

27-28

Cultural diversity elective

A minimum of 3 credits selected from the following:

POLT 12900

Introduction to Global Studies (3)

POLT 14100

Power: Race, Sex, and Class (3)

SPCM 34700

Intercultural Communication (3)

SOCI 11600

Introduction to Multicultural Studies (3)

SOCI 13000

Youth and Youth Cultures (3)

SOCI 20700

Race and Ethnicity (3)

SOCI 22600

Sociology of Hispanic Americans (3)

SOCI 30300

Global Race and Ethnic Relations (3)

SOCI 32500

Race, Class, and Gender (3)

ANTH 10400

Cultural Anthropology (3)

ANTH 12900

Introduction to Global Studies (3)

HPS 11000

War, Hunger, and Genocide (3)

HPS 12900

Introduction to Global Studies (3)

HPS 25000

International Health Issues (3)

HINT 31200

Health Care and Culture (3) and

HINT 31300

Health Care and Culture: International Field Experience (1)

3-4

Total, general requirements

30-31

Required health science courses

HPS 10200

Medical Terminology

3

HPS 20500

Critical Health Issues

3

HLTH 12200

Emergency Health Care

1

EXSS 12000

Anatomy and Physiology I

4

EXSS 12100

Anatomy and Physiology II

4

Total, required health science courses

15

Recreation and leisure studies interdisciplinary core

RLS 10300

History and Philosophy of Leisure

3

RLS 10500

Leadership

3

RLS 12500

Understanding Disability: Characteristics, Causes, Services

3

RLS 13900

Computer Applications in Recreation

3

RLS 23200

Program Planning

3

RLS 23500

Design and Operation of Areas and Facilities

3

RLS 33000

Administration of Recreation

3

RLS 33200

Research Methods

3

RLS xxxxx

Recreation elective (any recreation course not required in the major)

3

Total, general recreation courses

27

Therapeutic recreation core courses

RLS 23300

Introduction to Therapeutic Recreation

3

RLS 24300

Interventions and Protocols in Therapeutic Recreation

3

RLS 33400

Leisure Education

3

RLS 34000

Inclusive Community Leisure Services

3

RLS 35000

Therapeutic Recreation Process I

3

RLS 35300

Clinical Applications in Therapeutic Recreation

1

RLS 36000

Therapeutic Recreation Process II

3

RLS 43300

Administration of Therapeutic Recreation

3

RLS 45300

Seminar: Professional Development

3

Total, therapeutic recreation professional core courses

25

Therapeutic recreation practicum

A minimum of 6 credits must be earned in either RLS 34900 or RLS 44100, both of which can be taken for variable credit. The total number of practicum credits earned for the degree may not exceed 15, including those credits earned in fieldwork courses outside the major. Practicum credits beyond the 12 required credits may be counted as free electives. Students must complete a minimum of 480 hours over a period of no fewer than 12 consecutive weeks. No fewer than 20 hours can be completed in any week.

Internships must be approved by the department chair. To be eligible for an internship (RLS 44100), a therapeutic recreation major must meet the following prerequisites:

  • GPA of at least 2.50 in Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies (RLS xxxxx) courses
  • minimum average of 3.00 in RLS 24800 Fieldwork I and RLS 34800 Fieldwork II
  • cumulative GPA of at least 2.00 and at least 24 credits earned in the last 12 months
  • completion of a majority of the therapeutic recreation professional core

RLS 24800

Fieldwork I

      3

RLS 34800

Fieldwork II

      3

RLS 34900

Advanced Fieldwork or

RLS 44100

Internship in Recreation and Leisure Studies

   6-9

Total, professional practicum

12-15

Liberal arts electives

Total

  3-7

Free electives

Total

  2-4

Summary

General requirements

30-31

Required health science courses

    15

General recreation courses

    27

Therapeutic recreation professional core courses

    25

Professional practicum

12-15

Liberal arts electives

   3-7

Free electives

   2-4

Total, B.S. in therapeutic recreation

   120

Minors

Recreation Minor

Open to students majoring in all disciplines except recreation management, outdoor adventure leadership, and therapeutic recreation.

The academic minor in recreation is designed to increase the student's awareness of the importance and extent of leisure and recreation in modern society and to prepare the student to plan, organize, and lead a recreation program of limited scope in a variety of settings.

In addition to the minimum credit requirements for this minor, students must either provide documented evidence that they have had at least 200 hours of work or volunteer experience in the areas of recreation programming or leadership with a leisure service agency, or complete the course RLS 24800 Fieldwork I. Experience from other course requirements or before admission to the minor program will not satisfy the experiential requirement.

Requirements

RLS 10100

Leisure and Society (3) or

RLS 10300

History and Philosophy of Leisure (3)

  3

RLS 10500

Leadership

  3

RLS 23200

Program Planning

  3

HLTH 12200

Emergency Health Care

  1

RLS xxxxx

Recreation electives

  6

Total, recreation minor

16

Outdoor Recreation Minor

Open to students majoring in all disciplines except outdoor adventure leadership, recreation management, and therapeutic recreation.

Outdoor recreation is being utilized in many settings. Businesses support "high adventure" programs for their executives. Social service agencies offer camping and outdoor adventure programs for clients. Schools use outdoor education and camping programs as part of their curriculum. This academic minor prepares students to plan, organize, and lead outdoor recreation programs of limited scope.

Requirements

RLS 10500

Leadership

3

RLS 15100

Foundations of Outdoor Adventure Pursuits

3

RLS 21600

Outdoor Adventure Skills

3

HLTH 12200

Emergency Health Care

1

Recreation electives

A minimum of 6 credits selected from the following:

RLS 25000

Rock Climbing (1)

RLS 25500

Outdoor Adventures for People with Differing Abilities (3)

RLS 27700

Ecotourism and Natural Resource Management (1-3)

RLS 35200

Outdoor Education (3)

RLS 35400

Leadership and Administration of Outdoor Pursuits (3)

RLS 42100

Wilderness Expedition Leadership (3)

RLS xxxxx

Experimental or new course related to outdoor recreation (1-3)

6

Total, outdoor recreation minor

16

In addition to the minimum credit-hour requirements to complete the minor, students must provide documented evidence verifying that they have had at least 200 hours of work or volunteer experience in outdoor recreation leadership or programming, or complete the course RLS 24800 Fieldwork I. Experience obtained as a result of other course requirements or prior to admission to the minor program will not satisfy the experiential requirement.

A maximum of 6 credits will be accepted in transfer for this minor. These credits may be obtained from the National Outdoor Leadership School (NOLS), Outward Bound, or other experiential programs giving academic credit. In most cases, these credits will be substituted for RLS 21600 Outdoor Adventure Skills or RLS 42100 Wilderness Expedition Leadership.