School of Humanities and Sciences

Anthropology Courses

ANTH 10300 - Biological Anthropology 2A LA NS

Introduces the study of humans as biological beings, including evolutionary principles, primate behavior, the fossil record of human evolution, and biological variation in modern populations resulting from various factors. 3 credits. (F-S,Y)

ANTH 10400 - Cultural Anthropology 1 G LA SS

Explores the diversity of the world's societies, including "primitive" hunter-gatherer societies, herding pastoralists, peasant agriculturalists, and industrial peoples in rural and urban places. It emphasizes the role of culture in shaping human adaptations and human actions, and promotes understanding of other cultures. This course examines the way anthropologists do fieldwork, and looks at the contributions anthropology can make to an understanding of modernization, social change, urbanization, race relations, and cross-cultural communication. Reflecting the research experiences of individual professors, different sections of this course emphasize different cultures or regions of the world. 3 credits. (F-S,Y)

ANTH 10700 - World Archaeology 1 G H LA SS

Discusses the major achievements of prehistoric humans -- from the beginning of culture circa 2.5 million years B.C. to the rise of the earliest civilizations a few thousand years ago. 3 credits. (F or S,Y)

ANTH 12900 - Introduction to Global Studies 1 G LA SS

Examines interconnections among third world and industrialized nations from both cross-cultural and interdisciplinary perspectives. Issues studied include population pressure, ecological crises, food and famine, domestic peace and national security, and development/underdevelopment. The course also explores alternative models and futures, and emphasizes global citizenship and individual empowerment. Students may receive credit for only one of the following courses: ANTH 12900, POLT 12900, or HSP 12900. 3 credits. (F-S,Y)

ANTH 15400 - Crossing Cultures: The Anthropology of International Travel LA

Examines tourism and travel in their various forms and the issues raised, including tourism's social impact and role in globalization, and introduces an anthropological perspective on the process of crossing cultures. In addition, the course explores such anthropological concepts as culture, ethnocentrism, cultural relativism, value conflict, and culture shock, relying on both first-person and novelistic accounts by anthropologists and other travelers, as well as analyses by tourism professionals. In the process, students consider the qualitative difference between tourism and travel -- from the perspective of both hosts and guests -- with a goal of becoming more introspective tourists and travelers. 3 credits. (IRR)

ANTH 19000 - Selected Topics in Anthropology 1 G H LA SS

Special courses may be offered at the introductory level that encompass broad anthropological interest or issues. This course may be repeated for credit for different selected topics. 3 credits. (IRR)

ANTH 21100 - Introduction to Primates 2A LA NS

This is a survey course of the mammalian order Primates (lemurs, monkeys, and apes). After an introduction to general primate evolution, taxonomy, phylogeny, and characteristics, a different taxonomic group is reviewed each week. Topics such as the geographic distribution, anatomy, behavior, ecology, and conservation status of the focal taxa are discussed. Students also learn behavioral observation methodology and conduct a zoo study on the nonhuman primate and topic of their choice. Prerequisites: ANTH 10300 or BIOL 12200 or BIOL 27100. 3 credits. (IRR)

ANTH 22000 - Southeast Asia: Its Peoples and Cultures LA SS

Focuses on the peoples of mainland and island Southeast Asia. First, students study how these peoples developed their present-day patterns and cultures. Then, they deal with the modern complexities of life in the pluralistic societies of mainland Southeast Asia. The conflicting values of upland and lowland peoples in their struggle for a share of resources in a rapidly urbanizing situation are discussed, as are the many Western influences on the East and vice versa. Prerequisites: ANTH 10400 or ANTH 12900. 3 credits. (IRR)

ANTH 22500 - South Asia: India and Its Neighbors 1 G LA SS

Exploration of cultural diversity in South Asia with focus on India; introduction to Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, and the Tibetan diaspora. Background survey of the subcontinent's ecology and history provides a framework for examining themes of unity and diversity in contemporary village life, urbanization, family and gender relations, caste and class, religion and ritual, classical and folk arts, cinema, and movements for social change. Prerequisites: ANTH 10400 or ANTH 12900. 3 credits. (F or S,Y)

ANTH 23500 - Jewish Cultures: A Worldwide View 1 G LA SS

Comparative study of Jewish communities in many lands. A historical overview emphasizes themes and practices common to Jews everywhere, and examines patterns of oppression and toleration that have affected Jewish migration, continuity, and social change. Ethnographic studies introduce particular Jewish cultures in Asia, Africa, Europe, Arab lands of the Middle East, the United States, and Israel. Each Jewish culture is viewed as a unique blend of universally Jewish elements with particular economic and political survival strategies, social customs, beliefs, and creative expressions. Prerequisites: ANTH 10400. 3 credits. (Y)

ANTH 23610 - American Jewish Life 1 H LA SS

Exploration of contemporary Jewish life in the United States from a sociocultural perspective, looking at issues in the context of both Jewish and U.S. culture and history. Topics include immigrant background and experiences; ethnicity, class, and politics; responses to discrimination and social inequality; relations with other U.S. ethnic groups; changing family and gender relations; religious movements; secular Jewish culture; responses to international issues (Holocaust, Israel); and American Jewish cultural diversity. Cross-listed with SOCI 23610. Students may not receive credit for both ANTH 23610 and SOCI 23610. Prerequisites: ANTH 10400. 3 credits. (Y)

ANTH 24100 - Modern Africa 1 G H LA SS

Focuses on processes at work in contemporary black Africa, rural as well as urban, colonial as well as independent. Themes include the colonial legacy; cultural change and continuity; urbanization; approaches to economic development and political modernization; and liberation movements. Prerequisites: ANTH 10400 or ANTH 12900. 3 credits. (F or S,Y)

ANTH 25000 - Human Variation: 'Race', Biology, and Culture 2A LA NS

Focuses on human variation from a biological as well as an anthropological perspective. Topics covered will include traits of inheritance, human variability and behavior, intelligence testing, and adaptations to various ecosystems. Students will conduct research on human variation. Prerequisites: One of the following: ANTH 10300, ANTH 10400, BIOL 12100, BIOL 12200, BIOL 27100. 3 credits. (IRR)

ANTH 25100 - People, Plants, and Culture: Ethnobotany and Archaeobotany LA SS

This course is an examination of the present and past interrelationships between people and plants. Students study plants as food, medicine, materials, and religion throughout the human experience, focusing on non-Western peoples. Topics include plant domestication and developmental trajectories, ethnopharmacology, Native American plant use, oral histories, and shaman-hallucinogen complexes. Also explored are the roles plants play in shaping culture and cultural change, defining social boundaries, and creating status. The final portion of the class considers important current topics and debates, such as bioprospecting, genetic modification, and intellectual property rights. Prerequisites: ANTH 10400 or ANTH 10700. 4 credits. (S,O)

ANTH 25500 - Human Evolution 2A LA NS

How have humans evolved anatomically, biologically, behaviorally, and culturally over the last seven million years? The course tracks major events and evidence for human origins, with an emphasis on the reconstruction of behavior from paleontological and anatomical remains, and reviews recent finds, examines casts of fossils, and discusses the evidence for competing theories concerning our hominid ancestors. Prerequisites: One of the following: ANTH 10300, BIOL 12100, BIOL 12200, BIOL 22700. 3 credits. (IRR)

ANTH 26500 - South American Archaeology 1 G H LA SS

An examination of the prehistory of the South American continent from the earliest evidence of occupation until the appearance of Europeans in the 16th century. Emphasis is placed on the cultural developments of western South America, especially Peru, due to the extensive archaeological record in that area; those cultural developments are placed in the context of the prehistory of the rest of the continent as well. Particular attention is paid to the mechanisms of cultural adaptation and cultural evolution. Prerequisites: ANTH 10400 or ANTH 10700. 3 credits. (S,O)

ANTH 26900 - Mesoamerican Archaeology 1 G H LA SS

An examination of the origins and development of the Aztec, Maya, and other civilizations of Mexico and Central America, from the first human occupation of the region to the Spanish Conquest. The course uses evidence from archaeology and the writings of pre-Columbian and European chroniclers to reconstruct the lifeways of ancient Mesoamerican cultures and to examine the processes that propelled their evolution. Prerequisites: ANTH 10400 or ANTH 10700. 3 credits. (F,O)

ANTH 27000 - North American Indians 1 H LA SS

Seminar on Indian culture and background, as well as contemporary Indian problems in the continental United States. Readings on the rich and varied heritage of American Indians research and presentations on current problems facing specific Indian groups. Prerequisites: ANTH 10400. 3 credits. (Y)

ANTH 27300 - The Iroquois and Their Neighbors 1 H LA SS

Traces the development and current state of the Iroquois people, a vibrant and powerful Native American society of the Northeast. Looks at how the Iroquois developed out of earlier societies and what role European contact played in their development. A substantial part of the course will be an assessment of the Iroquois today, including their social, economic, and political institutions. Additional information on neighboring societies, past and present, and their interactions with the Iroquois will also be addressed. Prerequisites: ANTH 10400. 3 credits. (IRR)

ANTH 27500 - North American Archaeology 1 H LA SS

A survey of the origin and development of native North American cultural from their appearance on the continent to their contact with Europeans. In addition to describing North American culture history, the course aims to instill in students an appreciation for the diversity and accomplishments of Native American cultures. Topics to be discussed include when humans arrived in North America, the origins of agriculture, and the rise of complex societies. Prerequisites: ANTH 10400 or ANTH 10700. 3 credits. (Y)

ANTH 27700 - Native Americans and the Environment 1 LA SS

This course gives a range of perspectives on the relationships between Native Americans and the environment revolving around anthropological concepts, such as culture, ecology, and colonialism. Based on the centrality of land to Native culture and the connections between land and the sacred, students explore how land-people relations were reworked and misinterpreted following Western colonization. Topics include environmental racism, environmental justice, and the influence of government policies regarding Native access, use, and control of indigenous lands. Case studies from throughout North America, including upstate New York, exemplify conflicts over Native sacred sites and instances where Native people are revitalizing their cultures, comanaging lands such as national parks, and developing educational outreach programs. Prerequisites: ANTH 10400. 3 credits. (S,E)

ANTH 27800 - Northeastern Native Americans: Past and Present LA SS

An examination of the past and present of indigenous peoples throughout northeastern North America. A background survey of the archaeological chronology covers groups ranging from hunter-gatherers to great confederacies. Themes that cut across time periods and regions of the Northeast are studied, such as cultural ecology, resource use, gender, migrations, plant cultivation, ritual, ideology, and politics. The effects of the Euro-American contact period and the Revolutionary War are examined. Local contemporary issues discussed include revitalization movements, land claims, gaming, and the negotiation/survival of tradition. Prerequisites: ANTH 10400 or ANTH 10700. 3 credits. (F,E)

ANTH 28000 - Anthropology of the Contemporary United States LA SS

An invitation to think anthropologically about the society and culture of contemporary America. Students use the methods, theory, and findings of anthropology as well as anthropological studies of other societies as a means of gaining insight into our own society. Prerequisites: ANTH 10400. 3 credits. (IRR)

ANTH 28100 - Anthropology of Hawaii LA SS

An anthropological examination of the history and cultures of Hawaii from the original Hawaiian settlement to the present day, covering general themes such as religion, language, farming, performance arts, and political life. In addition, Western colonialism, the arrival of Christian missionaries, the creation of sugar plantations, and American annexation are examined as major forces for cultural destruction and transformation. Attention is paid to the significance of immigrant populations from such places as the United States, China, and Japan and their roles in this historic
transformation of Hawaii. Prerequisites: ANTH 10400 or ANTH 10700. 3 credits. (F,E)

ANTH 28300 - Integrative Health Care in American Culture LA SS

Utilizes a cultural framework to analyze the rapidly expanding and dynamic arena of alternative, complementary, and integrative health care in the United States. Through an anthropological lens, the course examines the history, scope, cross-cultural bases, and theoretical foundations of the many healing modalities that are employed in integrative approaches, including Chinese medicine, Ayurveda, Native American healing, herbalism, chiropractic, naturopathy, and homeopathy. Multiple paradigms of health and culture are examined, identifying areas of debate and convergence. Both quantitative and qualitative approaches to the study of health, culture, and society are examined, in addition to the politics of integrative health care as it relates to political economy, licensing, status, ethnicity, and gender. Prerequisites for anthropology majors and minors: ANTH 10400. Prerequisites for others: Sophomore standing; one introductory course in the social sciences. 3 credits. (F-Y)

ANTH 28800 - The Theory and Practice of Anthropology LA SS

This course provides a history of the field of anthropology, from its origins through the late 20th century. It focuses on major themes and schools of thought that have influenced the direction and perspective of anthropologists. The course covers major trends in cultural anthropology, archaeology, and biological anthropology to provide the historical background and theory that a serious student of anthropology should have. Prerequisites for anthropology majors and minors: ANTH 10400. Prerequisites for others: Sophomore standing; permission of instructor. 3 credits. (S,Y)

ANTH 29000 - Seminar in World Ethnography: Selected Topics LA SS
ANTH 29001 - Seminar in World Ethnography: Selected Topics LA SS
ANTH 29002 - Seminar in World Ethnography: Selected Topics LA SS
ANTH 29003 - Seminar in World Ethnography: Selected Topics LA SS
ANTH 29100 - Seminar in World Ethnography: Selected Topics LA SS
ANTH 29101 - Seminar in World Ethnography: Selected Topics LA SS
ANTH 29200 - Seminar in World Ethnography: Selected Topics LA SS
ANTH 29300 - Seminar in World Ethnography: Selected Topics LA SS
ANTH 29400 - Seminar in World Ethnography: Selected Topics LA SS
ANTH 29500 - Seminar in World Ethnography: Selected Topics LA SS
ANTH 29600 - Seminar in World Ethnography: Selected Topics LA SS
ANTH 29700 - Seminar in World Ethnography: Selected Topics LA SS
ANTH 29800 - Seminar in World Ethnography: Selected Topics LA SS
ANTH 29900 - Seminar in World Ethnography: Selected Topics LA SS

Focus on particular geographic areas not generally covered in other upper-level regional courses, such as Polynesia, Latin America, and the Middle East. Prerequisites: ANTH 10400 or ANTH 12900. 3 credits. (Y)

ANTH 30200 - Anthropological Field Methods LA SS

Introduction to research techniques used in fieldwork, including philosophy of science, research design, data gathering, data recording, data analysis, basic statistics, report writing, and ethics in fieldwork. Research project. Prerequisites: ANTH 10400; two courses in the social sciences. 3 credits. (F or S,Y)

ANTH 30500 - Archaeological Methods and Techniques LA NS

Focus on the ways that archaeologists discover, analyze, interpret, and explain the lifestyles of past cultures. The course is arranged in the way that archaeologists approach the solution of a research problem. Topics include the nature of archaeological evidence, how data are obtained through survey and excavations, the many kinds of analysis that archaeologists use to identify past lifeways, the techniques of dating sites, and how entire prehistoric culture systems are reconstructed. Also included are discussions of the use of theory in explaining cultural change and cultural processes, the field of cultural resources management, and ethics in archaeology. Prerequisites: ANTH 10400 or ANTH 10700 and either one 200-level anthropology course or junior standing and one additional social science course. 4 credits. (F,E)

ANTH 30600 - Biological Anthropology Methods and Techniques 2A LA NS

Explore the research designs and methods, data collection and analyses, and theories in the broad field of biological anthropology. Examine scholarly scientific journal articles and studies of humans within the framework of evolution that emphasize the interaction between biology and culture. Gain hands-on experience in several subdisciplines of biological anthropology, including genetics, osteology, anatomy, forensic anthropology, primatology, paleoanthropology, and anthropometry. Conduct a research project in biological anthropology. Prerequisites: ANTH 10300 and at least two of the following: ANTH 21100, ANTH 25000, ANTH 25500, ANTH 31100, ANTH 37100, ANTH 41100. 4 credits. (IRR)

ANTH 31000 - Culture and Personality LA SS

Effect of various cultural systems on the development of individual personalities and the influence of the individual on his or her cultural environment. Cultural patterning of sex roles; social influences on cognition and perception; development of language and thought systems in childhood socialization; cultural handling of aggression; problems in the description of personality; cultural concepts of "normal" and "abnormal" behavior; cultural use of mind-altering substances (drugs, alcohol) that affect personality; and how people define and respond to stress, tension, and change in different cultures. Prerequisites: ANTH 10400; two courses in the social sciences. 3 credits. (Y)

ANTH 31100 - Primate Behavior and Ecology 2A LA NS

Primates are among the most social animals. Why do nonhuman primates behave as they do? This course seeks to answer this question by reviewing the extensive variation in primate behavior and ecology and the evolutionary basis of the differences. The emphasis is on understanding the adaptive significance of the many diverse facets of primate social behavior within an ecological
context. The class highlights current research issues in the field of primate behavioral ecology and examines how research is conducted and reported. Students will conduct a zoo observation study on the nonhuman primate and behavioral topic of their choice. Prerequisites: ANTH 10300 and either ANTH 21100 or BIOL 27100. 3 credits. (IRR)

ANTH 31400 - The Beastly Mirror LA SS

A study of the relationship between people and domesticated animals in cultural ecology, symbolism, history, and aesthetics. The course uses material from anthropology, history, biology, art, and literature to examine African cattle, Middle Eastern shepherding, Arctic reindeer, New Guinea pigs, Western pets, and India's sacred cows. Seminar format. Prerequisites: ANTH 10400; two courses in the social sciences. 3 credits. (IRR)

ANTH 32000 - Anthropology of Religion LA SS

The religious experience from the standpoint of ethnographic field studies and from various theoretical approaches. Examines the relationships among religion, culture, and society. Explores the evolution of the anthropological study of religion. Prerequisites: ANTH 10400; two courses in the social sciences. 3 credits. (Y)

ANTH 33000 - Family, Kinship, and the Social Order LA SS

Exploration of the nature of family and kinship groups in non-Western societies; their role in religious, political, ritual, and economic processes. Alternative family and marriage forms, including polygamy, polyandry, group marriage, and spouse-exchange; significance of matriarchal and patriarchal patterns. Comparisons of egalitarian and stratified societies, and Western institutions and non-Western alternatives. Lectures, seminar, and ethnographic fieldwork by students. Prerequisites: ANTH 10400; two courses in the social sciences. 3 credits. (IRR)

ANTH 33500 - Women and Culture 1 LA SS

The lives of women vary considerably cross-culturally. This course explores the nature of this variation as well as the cultural construction of gender roles. Special attention is given to the relationship between gender roles and economics, politics, power, authority, religion, and family life. Using case studies from various regions of the world, including the United States, the course examines how women's lives are affected by their social status, race, ethnicity, and position in the life cycle. Prerequisites: ANTH 10400; two courses in the social sciences. 3 credits. (F or S,Y)

ANTH 34000 - Aging and Culture LA SS

Aging is a universal experience, but its meaning differs dramatically in various societies. The impact of culture on late life is explored in primitive, peasant, third world, European, and American societies. Emphasis is given to how cultural, ecological, and value systems affect longevity; the control of power and wealth in late life; the degree to which the elderly are isolated from or engaged in their communities; and the influence of older people's gender on family, social, and religious roles. The implications of these factors for policy decisions are also explored. Prerequisites: ANTH 10400, ANTH 12900, or two courses in gerontology. 3 credits. (Y)

ANTH 34500 - Life Stories: An Ethnographic Approach LA SS

Focusing on the life story as a window for exploring culture and ethnographic study as a path to understanding individual lives, this seminar examines cultural content, methodology, theory, and ethical issues in a variety of life story genres, including journalism and films as well as oral history and autobiography. Research projects include fieldwork inter-views. Prerequisites: ANTH 10400; two courses in the social sciences. 3 credits. (F or S,Y)

ANTH 35000 - Cultural Change: Selected Topics LA SS
ANTH 35100 - Cultural Change: Selected Topics LA SS
ANTH 35200 - Cultural Change: Selected Topics LA SS
ANTH 35300 - Cultural Change: Selected Topics LA SS
ANTH 35400 - Cultural Change: Selected Topics LA SS
ANTH 35500 - Cultural Change: Selected Topics LA SS
ANTH 35600 - Cultural Change: Selected Topics LA SS
ANTH 35700 - Cultural Change: Selected Topics LA SS
ANTH 35800 - Cultural Change: Selected Topics LA SS
ANTH 35900 - Cultural Change: Selected Topics LA SS

Recent courses have focused on social change in Latin America, Southeast Asia, and Africa. This course may be repeated for credit for different selected topics. Prerequisites: ANTH 10400 or ANTH 12900 and either one 200-level anthropology course or junior standing and one other social science course. 3 credits. (Y)

ANTH 36400 - New World Complex Societies LA SS

The origins and evolution of civilizations and other complex societies in two areas of the New World: prehistoric Mexico and Peru. The course focuses on select cultures, including the Maya, Aztec, and Inca, that followed different paths to achieve a high level of cultural development. Factors important in this development, including the environment, social systems, religion, and politics, are discussed. The course explores why these societies developed in order to grasp the relationships that hold a society together or tear it apart. Prerequisites: ANTH 10400 or ANTH 10700 and either one 200-level anthropology course or junior standing and one additional social science course. 3 credits. (S,E)

ANTH 36500 - Israel: Ethnicity, Politics, and Culture LA SS

Examination of society and culture in the modern state of Israel, with an emphasis placed on the interaction of ethnicity, politics, and religion. The course explores origins, self-definitions, and social interactions among diverse groups of Israeli citizens, including Jews from the Middle East, Europe, Africa, Asia, and the Americas, and Arabs who define themselves as Palestinian, bedouin, and Druze. Topics to be addressed include historical foundations of Israel; immigration and creation of a national Jewish culture; destruction and displacement of Palestinian communities; popular culture; and military service, war, and occupation in the lives of Israeli Jews and non-Jews. While focusing on Israeli citizens, the course will acknowledge the interconnected lives of Palestinians striving to form their own state. Prerequisites: ANTH 10400 or ANTH 12900 and either one 200-level anthropology course or junior standing and one other social science course. 3 credits. (E)

ANTH 37000 - Applied Anthropology LA SS

Examination of a major new career field in anthropology, comparing the activist role of the applied anthropologist with the research orientation of much of the discipline. Manner in which the perspectives, field methods, and cultural knowledge of anthropologists have been applied in planning, implementing, and evaluating economic and social change projects. Case studies documenting the complexity of projects suggest the risks, demands, and challenges of applied anthropology, as well as the potential for ethical conflict and failure. Prerequisites: ANTH 10400 or ANTH 12900 and either one 200-level anthropology course or junior standing and one other social science course. 3 credits. (F or S,Y)

ANTH 37100 - Field School in Biological Anthropology 2A NLA

This field course involves travel to an off-campus location to learn about one (or more) subdisciplines within the subfield of biological anthropology. Field schools may focus on anatomy, forensic anthropology, paleoanthropology, primatology, or another subdiscipline. Students will employ the methods used by researchers in the field and actively collect data. Students also will learn how to summarize data and present results. May be repeated up to a maximum of six credit hours. Additional costs to students will include travel to field site, living expenses, and research-related activities. Prerequisites: Permission of instructor. 1-6 credits, depending on the nature of the field school. (IRR)

ANTH 37200 - Native American Women and Culture 1 LA SS

This seminar examines the diversity and commonalties of Native women's voices and experiences in multiple cultural contexts. This course explores the representation and misrepresentation of Native women by missionaries, colonists, historians, writers, and anthropologists. Perspectives of Native women as anthropologists, authors, clan mothers, and storytellers are emphasized. Political, economic, and spiritual roles of Native American women are discussed, with an emphasis on the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois). Other topics include mythology, health and healing, and the contributions of Native women to the American feminist movement, human rights, and environmental activism. Prerequisites: ANTH 10400; two courses in the social sciences. 3 credits. (F,O)

ANTH 37400 - Archaeological Field School NLA

Experience in archaeological fieldwork. Training in the basic techniques of archaeological research design, reconnaissance, survey, mapping, excavation, and basic field laboratory methods. Use of a transit, laying out of grids, and identification of different kinds of archaeological data, such as ceramics, lithics, features, and ecofacts will be covered. Prerequisites: ANTH 10400 or ANTH 10700, and either a 200-level anthropology course or junior standing with one additional course in the social or natural sciences. Travel and living expenses will be responsibility of student. 6 credits. (SUM, IRR)

ANTH 37500 - Environmental Anthropology 1 G LA SS

Examination of the cultural dimensions of the sustainable use and management of natural resources in the context of global efforts to effect social change and economic development. Much of the focus is on less-developed countries' indigenous peoples, rural peasants, urban underclass, and their ethnoecologies. Critical attention is also paid to industrialized nations' impact on peoples and cultures of the third world and to their role as dominant forces in establishing global environmental policy. Included in the course are case studies of the United States' "culture of consumption," an examination of the relationship between development and the environment, and a discussion of public policy alternatives. Prerequisites: ANTH 10400 or ANTH 12900 and either one 200-level anthropology course or junior standing and one other social science course. 3 credits. (F or S,Y)

ANTH 37600 - Poverty LA SS

An interdisciplinary approach to the study of poverty, combining sociology and anthropology. The course examines poverty in contemporary America from three perspectives: (1) the ethnographic perspective -- understanding poverty through anthropological case studies, which is the emphasis in the course; (2) the holistic perspective -- examining the social and cultural context in which poverty exists, searching for causal factors; and (3) the applied perspective -- evaluating policy and programs for dealing with or eliminating poverty. Cross-listed with SOCI 37600. Students may not receive credit for both ANTH 37600 and SOCI 37600. Prerequisites: ANTH 10400 or ANTH 12900; two courses in the social sciences. 3 credits. (IRR)

ANTH 37800 - Anthropology of Music 3B G LA SS

This course provides an introduction to ethnomusicology and explores how music creates and reflects culture and society. Through case studies from different countries, students will explore ethnomusicological theories and techniques and gain an appreciation for the wide range of musical styles. Issues that may be addressed include social status of musicians, music and identity, the relationship between musical and social structure, music and cosmology and transnational music. Prerequisites: ANTH 10400 and two courses in the social sciences. 3 credits. (IRR)

ANTH 38100 - Anthropological Experience in Hawaii LA SS

A fieldwork-based study of the anthropology of Hawaii. The anthropological perspective is a holistic orientation that entails not just examining one aspect of culture, but exploring the interconnections between many facets of cultural history and contemporary experience. This is accomplished through a grounding in Hawaiian history and archaeology, followed by an examination of traditional agriculture, lifeways, multiculturalism, and the impact of colonization, tourism, and the native sovereignty movement. Specifically, students learn through participant observation in contexts of Hawaiian healing, sacred sites, traditional taro growing, and preserving indigenous ecology at an ethnobotanical preserve. Note: Extra fees may be charged for this course. Prerequisites: ANTH 28100. 3 credits. (O)

ANTH 38600 - Hunter-Gatherers LA SS

Examines in a seminar format past and present hunter-gatherer societies and the various ways that ethnographers and archaeologists have tried to understand them. Topics include Marxist, structural, and neo-Darwinian models; technology; social relations; economics; territories and property rights; gender; symbols and ideology; cultural evolution and change; culture contact; government intervention; and Native perspectives. Students reflect on what hunter-gatherer egalitarian societies, representing 99 percent of the human experience, tell us about our basic human nature and modern societies. Prerequisites: ANTH 10400 or ANTH 10700 and either one 200-level anthropology course or junior standing and one additional social science course. 3 credits. (IRR)

ANTH 38800 - Origins of Agriculture LA SS

The development and spread of agriculture arguably changed the course of human history more than any other single cultural process. This seminar reviews the history of thought and debate concerning the development of prehistoric agriculture and the processes of plant cultivation and domestication. Emphasis is placed on recent interdisciplinary developments in ethnobotany and archaeobotany that allow detailed, complex scientific evidence to be considered. Readings and discussion include historical pieces, theoretical treatises, and regional case studies from around the world. Students will learn of the diversity of anthropological theory in the context of the study and analysis of one of humanity's fundamental lifeway changes. Prerequisites: ANTH 10400, ANTH 10700, or BIOL 12200 and either one 200-level anthropology course or junior standing and one additional social science course. 3 credits. (IRR)

ANTH 39000 - Seminar on Anthropological Issues LA SS
ANTH 39001 - Seminar on Anthropological Issues LA SS
ANTH 39002 - Seminar on Anthropological Issues LA SS
ANTH 39003 - Seminar on Anthropological Issues LA SS
ANTH 39004 - Seminar on Anthropological Issues LA SS
ANTH 39005 - Seminar on Anthropological Issues LA SS
ANTH 39006 - Seminar on Anthropological Issues LA SS
ANTH 39100 - Seminar on Anthropological Issues LA SS
ANTH 39200 - Seminar on Anthropological Issues LA SS
ANTH 39300 - Seminar on Anthropological Issues LA SS
ANTH 39400 - Seminar on Anthropological Issues LA SS
ANTH 39500 - Seminar on Anthropological Issues LA SS
ANTH 39600 - Seminar on Anthropological Issues LA SS
ANTH 39700 - Seminar on Anthropological Issues LA SS
ANTH 39800 - Seminar on Anthropological Issues LA SS
ANTH 39900 - Seminar on Anthropological Issues LA SS

Consideration of central issues in contemporary anthropological research. Recent seminars have dealt with politics, educational systems, and economic development. Prerequisites: ANTH 10400; two courses in the social sciences. 3 credits. (Y)

ANTH 41100 - Primate Conservation 2A LA NS

This course explores the distribution, diversity, abundance, and rarity of lemurs, monkeys, and apes. It investigates how human behavior such as habitat disturbance and hunting impact primate
populations. Issues to be discussed include various conservation strategies and tactics employed to protect our closest-living relatives, for example, taxon and area priorities, captive breeding, restocking and reintroduction, and ecotourism. Prerequisites: ANTH 31100; or ANTH 21100 and permission of instructor. 3 credits. (IRR)

ANTH 45000 - Anthropological Capstone LA SS

Provides an integrative and holistic summary of student's anthropological training. Major themes and issues in the subfield of anthropology will be discussed, and the relationships between the field and the department's curriculum and the student's coursework, including fieldwork, will be analyzed. Discussion of career opportunities, preparation for postgraduate work, and school and
skills assessment will be conducted as well. Prerequisites: Senior standing and major in anthropology. 3 credits. (F , Y)

ANTH 45300 - Archaeological Laboratory NLA

Laboratory analysis of archaeological materials recovered from investigations. Focus will be on processing materials and learning techniques of analysis using actual data. Techniques will include basic inventorying procedures, soil flotation and dry sieving of organic materials, and ceramic, stone, and metal tool conservation. Analytical methods to be studied include stone and ceramic classificatory procedures, identification of historic versus prehistoric artifacts, and archaeozoology, paleoethnobotany, and metals research. Prerequisites: ANTH 30500 or ANTH 37400. May be taken multiple times to a maximum of six credits toward the major. 3 credits (IRR)

ANTH 45800 - Research in Anthropology NLA

Provides students an opportunity to conduct individual research in any of the subfields that are not fieldwork, such as laboratory analysis, text analysis, tape transcription, or library research on a specific topic. Prerequisites: ANTH 30200, ANTH 30500, or ANTH 30600, and completion of H&S dean's independent study/internship form. May be repeated up to a maximum of 6 credits. (F, S and SUM, Y)

ANTH 45900 - Internship in Anthropology NLA

Provides students an opportunity to conduct individual research that is not fieldwork in any of the subfields and under the supervision of a professional. Internships are arranged individually at the student's request with an instructor and a sponsoring agency. Prerequisites: ANTH 10300, ANTH 10400, or ANTH 10700, permission of instructor, and completion of H&S dean's office internship form. Can be repeated to a maximum of 6 credits. (F, S and SUM, Y)

ANTH 46000 - Advanced Readings in Anthropology LA
ANTH 46100 - Advanced Readings in Anthropology LA
ANTH 46200 - Advanced Readings in Anthropology LA
ANTH 46300 - Advanced Readings in Anthropology LA
ANTH 46400 - Advanced Readings in Anthropology LA
ANTH 46500 - Advanced Readings in Anthropology LA
ANTH 46600 - Advanced Readings in Anthropology LA
ANTH 46700 - Advanced Readings in Anthropology LA
ANTH 46800 - Advanced Readings in Anthropology LA
ANTH 46900 - Advanced Readings in Anthropology LA

Arrangements are initiated by the student interested in a topic not covered by regular course offerings. Prerequisites: ANTH 10400; three other anthropology courses; permission of instructor. 1-4 credits. (F-S)

ANTH 47001 - Fieldwork and Research in Ethnography: Seminar LA

Gives advanced anthropology students with a specialization in cultural anthropology an opportunity to do supervised fieldwork, as required for the major. It combines small group class meetings and out-of-class research projects. Group projects enable students to utilize and improve their skills in the methodological approaches previously learned. Research topics might include current campus or community issues, sociocultural patterns of people on campus or in the Ithaca area, and any relevant and appropriate culturally shaped behavior. Prerequisites: ANTH 30200. 3 credits. (IRR)

ANTH 47002 - Fieldwork and Research in Archaeology: Seminar LA

Provides advanced anthropology students with a specialization in archaeology an opportunity to do supervised fieldwork, as required for the major. It combines small group class meetings and out-of-class research projects. Group projects enable students to utilize and improve their skills in the methodological approaches previously learned. Research might include reconnaissance, survey, or excavation of local sites; laboratory analysis of archaeological data already collected; or other archaeologically focused activity. Prerequisites: ANTH 30500. 3 credits. (IRR

ANTH 47500 - Ethnographic Fieldwork LA

An alternative to ANTH 47000 for advanced anthropology students with a focus in cultural anthropology whose research plans would benefit from a more individualized approach. The research may be conducted within or away from the Ithaca area under supervision by an anthropology faculty member. Prerequisites: ANTH 30200; consultation with and permission of instructor. 1-6 credits. (F-S,Y)

ANTH 47600 - Archaeological Fieldwork LA

An alternative to ANTH 47200 for advanced anthropology students with a focus in archaeology whose research plans would benefit from a more individualized approach. The research may be conducted within or away from the Ithaca area under supervision by an anthropology faculty member. Prerequisites: ANTH 30500; consultation with and permission of instructor. 1-6 credits. (F-S,Y)

ANTH 47700 - Biological Anthropology Fieldwork LA

An alternative to ANTH 47000 and ANTH 47200 for advanced anthropology students with a focus other than archaeology or ethnography whose research plans would benefit from a more individualized approach. The research may be conducted within or away from the Ithaca area under supervision by an anthropology faculty member. Prerequisites: ANTH 30200 or ANTH 30500; consultation with and permission of instructor. 1-6 credits. (F-S,Y)

ANTH 47701 - Fieldwork and Research: Special Projects LA

An alternative to ANTH47000 and ANTH47200 (above) for advanced anthropology students with a focus other than archaeology or ethnography whose research plans would benefit from a more individualized approach. The research may be conducted within or away from the Ithaca area under supervision by an anthropology faculty member. Prerequisites: ANTH30200 or ANTH30500; consultation with and permission of instructor. 1-6 credits. (F-S,Y)

ANTH 48000 - Medical Anthropology LA SS

In this seminar healing traditions, beliefs, and practices from around the globe are explored through the lens of anthropological practice, methods, and theories. Healing modalities based in the scientific tradition, namely biomedicine, are examined and contrasted with other cross-cultural traditions, including those in Africa, Latin America, and Native America. Symbolic and religious perspectives on health, gender, and the body are also explored. Delivering health care in culturally pluralistic settings is covered, especially regarding how health care professionals can more effectively address multicultural health care. Prerequisites: ANTH 10400, and ANTH 30200 and one other 300-level anthropology class. 3 credits. (IRR)

ANTH 48200 - Ethnoarchaeology LA SS

Ethnoarchaeology is the study of living societies from an archaeological perspective. It is particularly concerned with patterned variability in material culture (architecture, artifacts, and material byproducts) and its relation to human behavior and organization. This "living archaeology" is an important component of a growing body of middle-range theory that archaeologists use to give voice to the mute archaeological record. At the same time, it provides a deeper appreciation of the technological, economic, and symbolic roles of material culture in today's societies. Class work may include both campus and community projects that examine and illustrate the theory, methods, and results of ethnoarchaeology. Prerequisites: ANTH 10400 or ANTH 10700; either ANTH 30200 or ANTH 30500 and one other 300-level anthropology course. 3 credits. (IRR)

ANTH 49000 - Seminar: Selected Topics in Anthropology LA SS

Topics of current faculty interest in departmental fields. Recent seminars have focused on anthropological perspectives on the world food crisis, concepts of adaptation in the social sciences, and the history of anthropology. This course may be repeated for credit for different selected topics. Prerequisites: ANTH 10400; one level-2 course in anthropology; junior standing or equivalent. 1-4 credits. (IRR)