School of Health Sciences and Human Performance

Physical Activity, Leisure, and Safety Courses

The PALS program offers a variety of activities in the following areas:
  • Aquatics -- Swimming is a skill basic to participation in many recreational activities. It is a lifetime leisure activity that can be either mild or strenuous, meeting various personal needs.
  • Individual and dual sports -- Skills that may be applied to a lifetime of sports participation. Activity can be vigorous and competitive or mild and recreational, depending on the sport.
  • Gymnastics -- The performance of stunts on selected pieces of apparatus following progressive practice and instructional guidance. Improvement in both physical development and coordination is a primary goal.
  • Team sports -- Basic skills and the enjoyment of team play.
  • Physical fitness activities -- Fundamentals of physical fitness and body development based on sound progression, evaluated in accordance with the needs and desires of each participant.
  • Dance -- Emphasis is placed on the individual's awareness of dance as communication and dance as a lifetime leisure activity structured to satisfy the interests and desires of individuals of all ages.

The PALS program also sponsors intercollegiate athletic courses. Credit may be awarded for a full season of participation, including preseason conditioning, skill and strategy sessions, and competitive opportunities. Medical clearance by the College's health center is required prior to participation in any intercollegiate sport.

PALS 00070 - Women's Basketball NLA
PALS 00073 - Women's Gymnastics NLA
PALS 00074 - Women's Lacrosse NLA
PALS 00075 - Women's Softball NLA
PALS 00076 - Women's Swimming NLA
PALS 00077 - Women's Tennis NLA
PALS 00078 - Women's Volleyball NLA
PALS 00079 - Women's Field Hockey NLA
PALS 00081 - Men's Football NLA
PALS 00082 - Men's Soccer NLA
PALS 00083 - Women's Soccer NLA
PALS 00084 - Cross-Country NLA
PALS 00086 - Women's Track and Field NLA
PALS 00091 - Men's Baseball NLA
PALS 00092 - Crew NLA
PALS 00094 - Men's Lacrosse NLA
PALS 00095 - Men's Tennis NLA
PALS 00096 - Men's Track and Field NLA
PALS 00097 - Men's Wrestling NLA
PALS 00098 - Men's Basketball NLA
PALS 00099 - Men's Swimming NLA

PALS 00200 - Basic Swimming NLA

For the person who cannot swim or who can swim but wants to improve his or her strokes. Covered are the front and back crawl, elementary backstroke, breaststroke, butterfly, and sidestroke. Elementary forms of rescue are also taught. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (F-S,Y)

PALS 00400 - Scuba Diving NLA

Covers the use of fins, mask, and snorkel. Donning and ditching of the skin-diving equipment is required before going on to scuba. In scuba, rigging of the tank, taking pressure readings, buddy breathing, entries off the deck, and ditching and donning of scuba equipment are all covered. On the last day of diving, an obstacle course involving all learned skills must be negotiated. During the course, the physiology of diving and the physics of scuba will also be covered. Prerequisites: Ability to (1) swim underwater 60 feet, (2) hold breath on bottom 30 seconds, (3) surface-dive to bottom and recover a 10-pound block, (4) tread water for 30 seconds, (5) swim 10 laps (250 yards) nonstop, (6) support a victim for 5 minutes, and (7) stay afloat for 10 minutes. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (IRR)

PALS 00500 - Introductory Scuba Diving and Certified Scuba NLA

Preparation for the safe and enjoyable recreation of underwater diving. Scuba equipment is furnished. The National Aquatic School program designed for colleges is used. Successful completion of classroom, pool, and open-water sessions results in lifetime international certification. Special conditions: An extra fee is charged for this course. Students are required to complete a medical form at the first class meeting. Prerequisites: Basic swimming proficiency; signed parental or guardian's release and indemnity agreement for students under 18 years of age. Pass/fail only. 1 credit. (F-S,Y)

PALS 00600 - Community Water Safety NLA

Participants become familiar with the potential hazards of water activities. They learn to prevent accidents and to respond effectively if an accident does occur. A swimming test is required. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (IRR)

PALS 00800 - Lifeguarding NLA

The duties and responsibilities of a lifeguard and how to carry them out; lifeguarding techniques, such as how to tow or carry a victim to safety, manage a suspected spinal injury in the water, and use rescue equipment to help rescue a distressed or drowning victim. American Red Cross first aid and basic life support CPR are included in this course. To enroll in this course, a student must successfully complete a 500-yard swim, dive to 9 feet, swim underwater 15 yards, and tread water for one minute at the first meeting. Pass/fail only. 2 credits. (F-S,Y)

PALS 00810 - Lifeguarding Recertification NLA

A review and update of the knowledge and skills required for recertification in lifeguarding. Covers lifeguarding techniques such as how to use rescue equipment to tow a victim to safety and how to manage a suspected spinal injury in water. Students demonstrate their ability to become recertified in the American Red Cross lifeguarding program. Maybe repeated once for credit. Prerequisites: Current American Red Cross lifeguarding and CPR for the professional rescuer certificates. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (S,Y)

PALS 00900 - Lifeguarding Instructor NLA

Provides the knowledge and skills necessary to become an American Red Cross instructor for community water safety, waterfront lifeguarding, head lifeguard and lifeguarding instructor aide, and lifeguard review courses. Prerequisites: Current American Red Cross certificate in lifeguarding and pretests based on the lifeguard training written test and lifeguarding skills test. Pass/fail only. 1 credit. (IRR)

PALS 01000 - Water Safety Instructor NLA

Trains instructor candidates to teach American Red Cross water safety courses. Topics include improving and developing skills and knowledge of swimming and water safety; applying information from the instructor candidate training course to the teaching of swimming; planning and organizing swimming courses; and ensuring students' health and safety. Prerequisites: Proficiency in basic water safety and swimming strokes; current American Red Cross certificate in emergency water safety or lifeguard training. Pass/fail only. 2 credits. (F-S,Y)

PALS 01500 - Fencing NLA

Beginning skills, techniques, and knowledge of foil fencing. Basic etiquette and rules of bouting. Techniques and practice in officiating a bout. Tournament-style bouts during the latter part of the course. Equipment is supplied. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (IRR)

PALS 01700 - Cross-Country Skiing NLA

Provides the knowledge and skills to cross-country ski over a variety of snow-covered terrain. Proper use of equipment, walking, step turns, diagonal stride as well as uphill and downhill techniques are covered on the hills and flats surrounding the campus. Other facets covered include winter safety and planning and preparing for a ski tour. Equipment is supplied. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (S,Y)

PALS 01900 - Basic Alpine Skiing NLA

Basic downhill skiing techniques. Special conditions: A fee is charged for this course. Meets one night a week, 4:15-10:30 p.m., off campus. Transportation is provided. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (S,Y)

PALS 02000 - Intermediate Alpine Skiing NLA

For the intermediate student who wants to improve his/her skill level. Special conditions: A fee is charged for this course. Meets one night a week, 4:15-10:30 p.m., off campus. Transportation is provided. Prerequisites: PALS 01900 or equivalent. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (S,Y)

PALS 02100 - Advanced Alpine Skiing NLA

Offered for the advanced skier. Coaching sessions include skiing different snow conditions, skiing steep and mogul terrain, rhythm gates and racing turns for speed and control. Special conditions: A fee is charged for this course. Meets one night a week, 4:15-10:30 p.m., off campus. Transportation is provided. Prerequisites: PALS 02000 or equivalent. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (S,Y)

PALS 02200 - Basic Snowboarding NLA

Basic downhill snowboarding techniques. Special conditions: A fee is charged for this course. Meets one night a week, 4:15-10:30 p.m., off campus. Transportation is provided. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (S,Y)

PALS 02500 - Indoor Tennis NLA

Fundamental tennis strokes and rules of the game; increase proficiency in playing tennis by indoor techniques. Indoor rackets and balls provided. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (S,Y)

PALS 02600 - Basic Tennis NLA

Basic strokes, including ground strokes, slice serve, and block volley techniques, for use in singles and doubles play. Coverage of related rules and strategy necessary for game play, scoring, and etiquette. For students with no formal background in either the basic fundamentals or game strategy and no knowledge of scoring, rules, or etiquette. Tennis rackets and balls provided. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (F-S,Y)

PALS 02700 - Intermediate Tennis NLA

Review of the ground strokes, slice serve, and block volley; lob and overhead are taught, stressing their use in both singles and doubles play. More game experience. Prerequisites: Ability to demonstrate ground strokes, slice serve, and block volley. Tennis rackets and balls provided. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (F-S,Y)

PALS 02800 - Advanced Tennis NLA

Review of all basic strokes, with emphasis on executing them more efficiently. The flat serve and auxiliary strokes such as the half volley, chop, slice, drop volley, and lob volley are taught, stressing competitive play and strategy in both singles and doubles play. Prerequisites: Mastery of ground strokes, slice serve, block volley, lob, and overhead, performed in a game situation. Tennis rackets and balls provided. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (F,Y)

PALS 03000 - Field Archery I NLA

Prepares students for bow hunting, including orientation to New York State hunting laws, game conservation, and bow hunting techniques as well as the development of the bare-bow technique of shooting with a heavier-weight bow than is used in target archery. When proficiency at the target-butt has been demonstrated, shooting at simulated wild-game targets takes place on a natural wooded trail. Equipment is supplied. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (IRR)

PALS 03100 - Field Archery II NLA

An extension of Field Archery I. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (IRR)

PALS 03300 - Golf I NLA

Develops an understanding and appreciation of the game through learning basic skills such as stance, grip, and swing. If time permits and student ability warrants, a visit to a local golf course will be made. This is a beginner's course. Equipment is supplied. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (F-S,Y)

PALS 03400 - Golf II NLA

An extension of Golf I. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (F-S,Y)

PALS 03600 - Badminton I NLA

Fundamental skills of badminton necessary to play both singles and doubles; rules and customs involved in badminton. Content includes offensive and defensive skills, singles and doubles strategy and play, rules, and etiquette. Evaluation involves a skills test and a written exam. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (F-S,Y)

PALS 03700 - Badminton II NLA

An extension of Badminton I. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (F-S,Y)

PALS 03800 - Badminton III NLA

Clears, drop shots, smashes, net shots, serving, and strategy, with special emphasis on doubles play. Prerequisites: PALS 03600, PALS 03700, or permission of instructor. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (IRR)

PALS 04000 - Run, Walk, and Jog I NLA

Provides students of all ability levels with an opportunity to understand and benefit from a lifetime activity. Techniques covered are warm-ups and flexibility, aerobics, running guidelines, and jogging safety. Training methods, various types of terrain, and special running events are covered. The course concludes with a fitness evaluation. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (F-S,Y)

PALS 04100 - Run, Walk, and Jog II NLA

An extension of Run, Walk, and Jog I. The exercise program becomes more individualized. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (F-S,Y)

PALS 04400 - Paddleball I NLA

This is a challenging sport and an opportunity for a vigorous workout. The course is suited for the beginner as well as the more experienced player. Basic skills and game strategy are covered, but most of the class time is devoted to playing informal games. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (F-S,Y)

PALS 04500 - Paddleball II NLA

An extension of Paddleball I. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (F-S,Y)

PALS 05000 - Basic Windsurfing NLA

Basic boardsailing technique. The class hours are flexible after the first three sessions. Special conditions: A fee is charged for this course. Meets off campus. Transportation is provided. A swimming test is required. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (IRR)

PALS 05100 - Intermediate Windsurfing NLA

Intended for students who have mastered the basic boardsailing techniques. The class hours are flexible after the first three sessions. Special conditions: A fee is charged for this course. Meets off campus. Transportation is provided. Prerequisites: PALS 05000. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (IRR)

PALS 05300 - Sailing-Small Boat NLA

For the student with little knowledge of sailing. Instruction is on sailboats with two sails. A swimming test is required. Special conditions: A fee is charged for this course. Meets off campus. Transportation is provided. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (IRR)

PALS 05500 - Sailing-Catamaran NLA

For students who want to learn to sail a catamaran. A swimming test is required. Special conditions: A fee is charged for this course. Meets off campus. Transportation is provided. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (IRR)

PALS 05700 - Boating Skills and Safety NLA

Introduces students to basic boating skills and techniques. Basic piloting, navigation rules, legal requirements, and dealing with emergencies are discussed. Pass/fail only. 1 credit. (IRR)

PALS 05900 - Gymnastics Activities I NLA

Men practice tumbling, parallel bars, side horse, and vaulting; women practice tumbling, uneven bars, balance beam, and vaulting. Course objectives are to develop basic skills in the above areas, to combine two or more skills, and to promote good spotting techniques. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (IRR)

PALS 06000 - Gymnastics Activities II NLA

While Gymnastics Activities I introduces students to various gymnastic events and their basic skills, Gymnastics Activities II is structured to individual specialization, so as to further develop skills and spotting techniques and to combine three or more skills. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (IRR)

PALS 07600 - Basketball I NLA

Basic offensive and defensive philosophy and skills. Course content includes lead-up drills and games in all skills, team play, and some strategy. Designed for all levels of ability. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (F-S,Y)

PALS 07700 - Basketball II NLA

An extension of Basketball I. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (F-S,Y)

PALS 08000 - Volleyball I NLA

Introduces the skills and strategies involved in power volleyball. Class periods are spent perfecting such skills as the bump, set, serve, and block. Basic forms of offense and defense are introduced during game play. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (F-S,Y)

PALS 08100 - Volleyball II NLA

An extension of Volleyball I. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (F-S,Y)

PALS 08200 - Volleyball III NLA

Emphasizes blocking, multiple attack, defensive systems, spiking, the dink, strategy, and a consistent serve. Prerequisites: PALS 08100; PALS 08200. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (S,Y)

PALS 09000 - Personal Defense NLA

Develops, through the learning of basic skills, an appreciation of the art of defending oneself or one's loved ones and property. Students learn strategy and knowledge of vulnerable areas, legal implications, and the need for physical exercise and safety precautions. Primarily for students who want to learn basic self-defense techniques. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (F-S,Y)

PALS 09300 - Personal Fitness I NLA

Provides the skills and activities needed to achieve a high degree of physical fitness. Exercises designed to improve cardiovascular endurance, muscle tone, flexibility, and personal appearance are emphasized. This course develops an appreciation for keeping in good physical condition. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (F-S,Y)

PALS 09400 - Personal Fitness II NLA

An extension of Personal Fitness I. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (F-S,Y)

PALS 09500 - Personal Fitness III NLA

Students set their own goals by incorporating more individualized instruction in their daily programs, including jogging, weight training, flexibility exercises, and circuit training. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (IRR)

PALS 09800 - Basic Jujitsu NLA

A basic course in Dan Zan Ryu Jujitsu. Involves the study of the history, philosophy, and skills of jujitsu. The techniques are a mixture of many of the martial arts and can be used for self-defense. An additional fee for a uniform may be required. Pass/fail only. 1 credit. (F-S,Y)

PALS 10000 - Dance Exercise I NLA

Allows the beginner to experience the benefits and pleasures derived from dance. Exercises from various dance forms allow the student to increase strength, flexibility, and endurance; to increase range of movement; to improve posture and body image; and to shape, tone, and condition the body while simultaneously developing coordination and grace of movement. In addition, the student develops awareness of the body and its energy so that efficient use of the body becomes part of everyday life. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (IRR)

PALS 10100 - Dance Exercise II NLA

A continuation of Dance Exercise I. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (IRR)

PALS 10200 - Dance Exercise III NLA

For those students who are able to perform at a fast pace and a more advanced level. Prerequisites: PALS 10000; PALS 10100. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (IRR)

PALS 10300 - Dance Exercise IV NLA

Provides students at a high level of fitness the opportunity to work out at an advanced level. Prerequisites: PALS 10200. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (IRR)

PALS 10400 - Dance Exercise with Weights NLA

For the student who desires a more difficult workout through the use of wrist weights and ankle weights. Emphasis is placed on strengthening the upper body and on toning hips and legs as students learn about cardiovascular endurance, strength, and flexibility. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (IRR)

PALS 10800 - Jazz Dance I NLA

The objectives are to help the student move freely and naturally in order to experience the quality of jazz dance, experience the variety of styles and rhythms in jazz music and jazz dance, and become familiar with terminology used in jazz dance. The student should experience his or her own natural rhythms and energy levels, experience the mind/body relation-ship, increase in strength, flexibility, and endurance, and improve positive body image. This course is designed to develop the kinesthetic sense and memory, to develop basic motor skills and rhythmic acuity, and to help the student understand the possibilities and limitations of the body and experience his or her own range of movement. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (IRR)

PALS 10900 - Jazz Dance II NLA

A continuation of Jazz Dance I, or for those students whose background enables them to perform at an intermediate level. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (IRR)

PALS 11000 - Jazz Dance III NLA

A continuation of Jazz Dance II, or for students whose background enables them to perform at a fast intermediate level. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (IRR)

PALS 11100 - Jazz Dance IV NLA

Offered for the student who can perform at an advanced level, with the opportunity to improve and perfect skill and technique in this dance form. Prerequisites: PALS 11000. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (IRR)

PALS 11300 - Tap Dance I NLA

This course is designed to (1) allow the student to experience the form of tap dance, (2) promote exercise and an enjoyable experience through tap dance, as well as skill and confidence at the beginning level, (3) develop the rhythmic acuity that is necessary to this form, (4) equip the student with the terminology used in tap dance, and (5) introduce students to the history of tap dance, its development as an art form, and its contribution to American musical theater. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (IRR)

PALS 11400 - Tap Dance II NLA

A continuation of Tap Dance I, or for those students whose background enables them to perform at an intermediate level. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (IRR)

PALS 11500 - Tap Dance III NLA

A continuation of Tap Dance II, or for those students whose background enables them to perform at a fast intermediate level. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (IRR)

PALS 12100 - Aerobic Funk Dance I NLA

Students learn the latest street dances and get a cardiovascular workout. This fast-paced, high-intensity class is made up of low-impact movement and funky choreography from warm-up to cool-down. Not recommended for beginners. Some aerobic or dance experience is necessary. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (IRR)

PALS 12200 - Aerobic Funk Dance II NLA

A continuation of Aerobic Funk Dance I, or for those students whose background enables them to perform at a more advanced level. Prerequisites: PALS 12100. Pass/fail only. 0.5 credit. (IRR)

PALS 19900 - Selected Topics in PALS NLA
PALS 19901 - Selected Topics in PALS NLA
PALS 19902 - Selected Topics in PALS NLA
PALS 19903 - Selected Topics in PALS NLA

Topics of current interest to faculty and students. Experimental courses are offered under this course number and title. This course may be repeated for credit for different selected topics. Prerequisites: As appropriate to topics. Pass/fail only. 0.5-1 credit. (IRR)