|Water privatization and dam-building in Chile creates outrage and anguish|
Like Fireflies (Stefano Martone and Mario Martone, Italy, 2013; 45 min.) In 1981 in Chile, Pinochet issued the Codigo de Aguas, which authorized the almost total privatization of the country’s water resources. Over the next 30 years, the rights to the exploitation of these resources were sold off to various large companies and multinationals involved in producing hydroelectric power. In the nineties the first major hydroelectric dams were built on the Bio-Bio river, provoking protests by the indigenous Pehuenche people of the region. The protest was suppressed and hundreds of families were forced to leave their homes. In 2008 the Italian corporation Enel became the owner of 96 percent of Patagonia’s water reserves and united in a consortium with the powerful Chilean Matte family. The company decided to continue with the HidroAysén project for the construction of five dams on the Baker and Pascua rivers in southern Chile.
Like Fireflies tells the stories of three women whose lives either have been or will be overturned by the construction of the dams and who share feelings of anguish and anger.