The Natural Resource Reserve is managed as a sustainable wood lot over the long term. A selective timber harvest took place in 2007, and will continue at, planned long intervals to promote forest health.
Meanwhile, the primary thrust of economic production on ICNL is the management and sale of non-timber forest products. South Hill Forest Products, a student-run business based in South Hill Natural Area East, produces maple syrup, edible mushrooms, honey, and other hive products. One of the primary aims of these projects is to demonstrate that intact forest can be used as a working landscape, delivering revenue for landowners who do not wish to harvest their trees for timber.