Speech and Language Development


American Speech-Language-Hearing Association -- web page of this professional organization of speech, language and hearing specialists.

Spoken Language Problems -- information about oral language and speech disorders and how to identify them -- includes examples of language typical of children with language impairment.

Speech Therapists: A Valuable Resource For Classroom Teachers -- a resource geared toward classroom teachers that is intended to inform about speech therapy, including links to information on typical speech and language development, articulation disorders, language disorders, and stuttering problems.

Milestones and Warning Signs for Speech and Language Development -- outlines typical milestones in the speech development of infants and toddlers -- also includes activities that can help children develop.

Speech and Language: Developmental Milestones -- more guidelines about typcial development of speech and language.

Strategies for Teaching Students with Communication Disorders -- includes strategies for active and passive teaching, group interactions and discussions, and testing.

Teaching Students with Hearing Impairments -- a University of South Carolina website with facts, methods, and communicative teaching guidelines relevant to educating students with hearing impairments.

Oral Language Development across the Curriculum, K-12 -- an article about what teachers can do to help students develop oral proficiency.

The Speech-Pathology Website -- provides helpful information and links about speech and language development and associated disorders.

Typcial Speech Development -- an article about the characteristics of typical speech development.

Language Development In Children -- a good article and links about typical language development.

Evaluation and Management of the Child with a Speech and Language Delay -- a useful article that summarizes a lot of research.

Language Development in the Elementary Years -- an article and links that give suggestions for enhancing language development during the elementary years.

Characteristics of Adolescent Language Disorder -- presents information about the characteristics of adolescent language disorders, and how these may affect the students' performance in school.

Carol's Speech and Language Disorders: Professional Resources -- professional resources for anyone interested in speech and language topics -- addresses specific speech and language disorders and lists articles with lesson plans, materials, and helpful information for parents.


Some Recommended Books and Articles

Berstein, C. & Tiegerman-Farber, E. 2002. Language and Communication Disorders in Children.

Kuder, S. J. 2003. Teaching Students with Language and Communication Disablites. Allyn & Bacon.

Taylor, J. 1992. Speech-Language Pathology Services in Schools. Allyn & Bacon.


US Audit Faults Speech Therapy in Schools -- This New York Times article discusses the findings that New York City schools misspent $870 million in Medicaid payments.

McCartney, E. (2010). Developing a Language Support Model for Mainstream Primary School Teachers. Child Language Teaching and Therapy. 26(3). 359-375.

Duchan, J. (2010). The Early Years of Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in US School. Language, Speech, & Hearing Services in Schools. 41(2). 152-161.

Montgomery, J. (1992). Perspectives from the Field. Language, Speech, & Hearing Services in Schools. 23(4). 363-364.

Elksnin, L. & Capilouto, G. (1994). Speech Language Pathologists: Perceptions of Integrated Service Delivery in School Settings. Language, Speech, & Hearing Services in Schools. 25(5). 258-267.


Speech Production - Issues of Stuttering, Emotional and Educational Impact -- This study highlights important issues related to people who stutter.


Video- Stuttering: Straight Talk for Teachers. The Stuttering Foundation. 


McCormick, L., Loeb F. D., & Schiefelbusch L. R. 1997. Supporting Children with Communication Difficulties in Inclusive Settings: School-based Language Intervention. Allyn & Bacon. Boston.


Ryan, J., Hughes, E., Katsiyannis, A., McDaniel, M., & Sprinkle, C. 2011. Research-Based Educational Practices for Students With Autism Spectrum Disorders. Teaching Exceptional Children. 43(3). 


Lue, S. M. 2001. A Survey of Communication Disorders for the Classroom Teacher. Allyn & Bacon. Boston.


National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders -- This website contains a variety of information on various communication disorders such as hearing impairments, deafness, and speech, language, and voice disorders.


DeLuzio, Joanne, Girolametto, Luigi, and Robert Schlauch. 2011. Peer Interactions of Preschool Children With and Without Hearing Loss. Journal of Speech. Language & Hearing Research. 54.4.


Hutchinson, Jane and Judy Clegg. 2011. Education practitioner-led intervention to facilitate language learning in young children: An effectiveness study. Child Language Teaching & Therapy. 27.2.


Marcus, Adrian and Angela Marcus. 2009. School Design with Acoustics in Mind. ASHA Leader. 14.10. 5-6.


Walker, Dale, et. al. 1994. Prediction of School Outcomes Based on Early Language Production and Socioeconomic Factors. Child Development. 65.2. 606-621

Cawthon, Stephanie. 2001. Teaching Strategies in Inclusive Classrooms with Deaf Students. Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education. 6 (3), 212-225. 

Eriks-Brophy, Alice; Durieux-Smith, Andree; Olds, Janet; Fitzpatrick, Elizabeth; Duquette, Cheryll; Whittingham, JoAnne. 2006. Facilitators and Barriers to the Inclusion of Orally Educated Children and Youth with Hearing Loss in Schools: Promoting Partnerships to Support Inclusion. The Volta Review, 106 (1), 53-88. 

Marschark, Marc. 2007. Raising and Educating a Deaf Child: A Comprehensive Guide to the Choices, Controversies, and Decisions Faced by Parents and Educators. Cary, NC:  Oxford University Press.

Schick, Brenda; Williams, Kevin; Kupermintz, Haggai. Look Who’s being Left Behind: Educational Interpreters and Access to Education for Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Students. Journal of Deaf Studies, 11 (1), 3-20

Yanoff, Jerome C. 2006. Classroom Teacher’s Inclusion Handbook: Practical Methods for Integrating Students with Special Needs (2nd ed.). Chicago: Arthur Coyle Press.








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