Skott Jones

Associate Professor, Speech Language Pathology and Audiology
School: School of Health Sciences and Human Performance


The Late 8 - A Stimuli Database of Dense Words with High Word Frequency


Previous research has found that dense words with high word frequency facilitate the most change in a child’s sound system, even to untreated sounds (Gierut & Morrisette, 2012; Gierut, Morrisette, and Champion, 1999; Morrisette & Gierut, 2002). In order to assist practicing speech-language pathologists, a comprehensive stimuli database of dense words with high word frequency for “The Late 8” sounds was created in our lab (gratitude to Jenna Abrahamsen, B.S., Dani Edelstein, B.S., and Jenna Supinski, B.S.). “The Late 8” refers to the latest acquired sounds in English, which remain the most frequent candidates for speech therapy goals. Stimuli properties were extracted from the Cross-Linguistic Easy-Access Resource for Phonological and Orthographic Neighborhood Densities (CLEARPOND). CLEARPOND is an online corpus of 27,751 English words. Target criteria based on prior research were words with 10+ neighbors, and words with a raw count of 75+ occurrences per million (Luce, 1986). The stimuli database is available to download for free here:


Jones, S. E., Abrahamsen, J., Edelstein, D., & Supinski, J. (2019). Treatment of speech sound disorders as a function of lexical variables: a stimuli database. Poster session presented at the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association National Convention, Orlando, FL, November.