Multiple Intelligences Theory

Harvard Project Zero -- the Harvard Graduate School of Education's website for Project Zero, Howard Gardner's own multiple intelligence project -- includes information about the history of Project Zero, research projects, and new developments concerning MI theory and its application.

MI -- The Theory -- a good, basic overview and introduction.

Multiple Intelligence Theory Links for Educators -- lots of good links.

Multiple Intelligences Theory Explained -- clear, brief explanation.

Exploring Multiple Intelligence: New Dimensions of Learning -- articles about multiple intelligence theory, resources and materials for teachers, and links for schools that apply the theory school-wide.

Gardner's Multiple Intelligence -- an overview of MI theory, an interview with Howard Gardner, and links realted to the different types of intelligence identified in the theory.

Multiple Intelligences: Theory and Practice in the K-12 Classroom -- a bibliography of useful materials.

Variations on a Theme: How Teachers Interpret MI Theory -- an article from Educational Leadership.

Resources on Multiple Intelligences Theory -- resources available through the Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), the publisher of Educational Leadership.

The Key School -- an article about a school in Indianapolis, IN that employs MI theory throughout the school.

The Key Learning Community -- a history of this public school in Indianapolis, IN (formerly called the Key School) that is based completely on MI theory.

Some Good Books and Articles
Armstrong, T. 1993. 7 Kinds of Smart: Identifying and Developing Your Many Intelligences. Plume.

Armstrong, T. 1994. Multiple Intelligences in the Classroom. ACSD.

Campbell, L. 1996. Teaching and Learning through Multiple Intelligence. Allyn & Bacon.

Campbell, L. & Campbell, B. 1999. Multiple Intelligences and Student Achievement: Success Stories from Six Schools. ASCD.

Flick, L. & Lederman, N. 2003. Popular Theories - Unpopular Research. School Science and Mathematics, 103(3): 117.

Gardner, H. 1983. Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences. Basic Books.

Gardner, H. 1993. Multiple Intelligence Theory: The Theory in Practice. Basic Books.

Lazear, D. 1991. Seven Ways of Knowing -- Teaching for Multiple Intelligence: A Handbook of Techniques for Expanding Intelligence. IRI/Skylight Training and Publishing.

Lazear, D. 1991. Seven Ways of Teaching -- The Artistry of Teaching with Multiple Intelligences. Skylight.

Rubado, K. 2002. Empowering Students through Multiple Intelligences. Reclaiming Children and Youth, 10(4): 233.

How Are Kids Smart? Multiple Intelligence (MI) in the Classroom, 1995, National Professional Resources.


McCoog, I. 2010. The Existential Learner. The Clearing House. 83: 126-128.

McKethan, R., Rabinowitz, E., & Kernodle, M. 2010. Multiple Intelligences in Virtual and Traditional Skill Learning Instruction. Physical Educator, 67.3: 156.

Liu, P. 2009. Integrating Thinking, Art, and Language. International Education. 39.1: 6.

Schrand, T. 2008. Tapping into Active Learning and Multiple Intelligences with Interactive Media. College Teaching. 56.2: 78

Skoning, S. 2010. Dancing the Curriculum. Kappa Delta Pi Record, 46.4: 170.

Collaborative for Academic, Social, and Emotional Learning -- an online article that will provide you with background information on Social and Emotional Learning programs. Information in this article includes: statistics from a 2005 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, the core areas the programs covers including basic instructional methods used in SEL programs.