Proper Paper and Citation Format

All papers should be

Tips for good papers (adapted from Jack Rossen, "Basic Guidelines for a College-level Anthropology Paper")

Citation format

Footnote Placement Example

"Similarly, as Bernard Septimus has shown [1] it was apparently the Almohade persecution that gave rise to a new Jewish saying (a purposeful distortion of an ancient Midrashic utterance): ‘Better (to live) under Edom [i.e., Christendom] than under Ishmael [i.e. Islam]."" [2]


1. Bernard Septimus, "Better under Edom than under Ishmael: The History of a Saying" (in Hebrew), Zion 47 (1982) 103-111.

2. Mark Cohen, "Islam and the Jews: Myth, Counter-Myth, History," in Shlomo Deshen and Walter P. Zenner, eds., Jews among Muslims: Communities in the Precolonial Middle East (New York: New York University Press, 1996) 62.

Types of Footnote Citation

Book with one author, first citation:
author, title (place: publisher, date) page number.
Stephen M. Wylen, Settings of Silver (Mahwah, NJ: Paulist, 2000) 134.
second and subsequent citations
Wylen, Settings, p. 163.

Article in edited book, first citation:
author, "title," in editor(s), eds., title (place: publisher, date) page number.
Mark Cohen, "Islam and the Jews: Myth, Counter-Myth, History," in Shlomo Deshen and Walter P. Zenner, eds., Jews among Muslims: Communities in the Precolonial Middle East (New York: New York University Press, 1996) 62.
second and subsequent citations
Cohen, "Islam and the Jews," p. 62.

Article in journal, first citation
author, "title," journal volume (date) page number.
Harvey Goldberg, "The Mimouna and the Minority Status of Moroccan Jews," Ethnology 17 (1978) 80.
second and subsequent citations

Goldberg, "Mimouna," p. 80.

Encyclopedia citation
"title," encyclopedia volume: page number.
"Passover," Encyclopedia Judaica 8: 154. (=volume 8, page 154)

Bibliography Citation Formats

Book with one author
last name, first name. title. place: publisher, date.
Wylen, Stephen M. Settings of Silver. Mahwah, NJ: Paulist, 2000.

Edited book
editor last name, first name (if subsequent editors, their names are in first name last name order), eds. title. place: publisher, date.
Deshen, Shlomo and Walter P. Zenner, eds. Jews among Muslims: Communities in the Precolonial Middle East. New York: New York University Press, 1996.

Article in edited book
last name, first name. "title," page numbers. In editors, eds. title. place: publisher, date.
Cohen, Mark. "Islam and the Jews: Myth, Counter-Myth, History," pp. 50-63. In Shlomo Deshen and Walter P. Zenner, eds. Jews among Muslims: Communities in the Precolonial Middle East. New York: New York University Press, 1996.

Article in journal
last name, first name. "title." journal volume (date) page numbers.
Goldberg, Harvey. "The Mimouna and the Minority Status of Moroccan Jews." Ethnology 17 (1978) 75-87.

Encyclopedia
title. place: publisher, date.
Encyclopedia Judaica. Jerusalem: Keter, 1972.

This page maintained by: Rebecca Lesses
Last revised December 15, 2002