Gender Issues

Websites

American Association of University Women (AAUW) -- many good reports about gender equity and related issues in education and schools.

Crossing the Line -- an important 2011 study about sexual harassment in grades 7-12 that" reveals some sobering statistics about the prevalence of sexual harassment and the negative impact it has on students' education."

The Simple Truth about the Gender Pay Gap -- a 2011 study that documents many of the ways a gender pay gap is real and meaningful in the United States.  It states, "The pay gap is real.  This guide backs up this assertion with the latest evidence and presents new ideas for what we can do about it. ...Did you know that in 2009, women working full time in the United States still earned just 77 percent, on average, of what men earn, a gap of 23 percent?"

Gender Pay Differences: Progress Made but Women Remain Overrepresented Among Low Wage Workers -- a 2011 U.S. government study that documents continuing wage and income disparities between men and women.

The Income Disparity of Women in the Creative Class -- From this 2011 analysis: "Women hold slightly more than half (52.3 percent) of creative class jobs, and their average level of education is almost the same as men. But the pay they receive is anything but equal. Creative class men earn an average of $82,009 versus $48,077 for creative class women. This $33,932 gap is a staggering 70 percent of the average female creative class salary. Even when we control for hours worked and education, creative class men out-earn creative class women by a sizable $23,700, or 49.2 percent.

They Call It the Reverse Gender Gap -- This New York Times article discusses the recent phenomenon of women reaching or even surpassing the pay rate of their male counterparts.

Equity and Careers: Progress and Promise -- a 2002 digest about gender patterns in career choices and stereotypes -- "The United States has witnessed significant progress for girls and women in education over the past 30 years. Success is evident in completion rates in postsecondary education, participation in sports, and representation in some professional fields. ...However, serious inequities persist, and in some cases, gender disparities have grown."

The Gender Wars in Education -- a good discussion and critique of the perspective that pits the needs boys and young men against those of girls and young women, a perspective that tries to create a zero sum game in which a step forward for young women in education is seen as a step backward for young men.

Where the Girls Are: The Facts about Gender Equity in Education -- provides a comprehensive overview of female students’ educational achievement from elementary to high school over the past 35 years -- explores the relationship between girls' and boys' progress and analyzes differences between students of  various socioeconomic statuses and races/ethnicities.

The Pseudoscience of Single Sex Education -- a 2011 study that reports single sex education does not work as well as proponents hope and claim, and, at its worst, may even reinforce gender stereotypes

Why So Few? Women in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics -- A 2010 report about why, in an era when women are increasingly prominent in medicine, law and business, there are still so few women scientists and engineer. It presents eight key research findings that point to environmental and social barriers – including stereotypes, gender bias, and the climate of science and engineering instruction. The report also includes up to date statistics on girls' and women's achievement and participation in these areas and offers new ideas for what each of us can do to more fully open scientific and engineering fields to girls and women.

Crossing the Line: Sexual Harassment at School -- a 2011 national study by the American Association of University Women that documents the continuing problem of sexual harassment in U.S. schools -- 56% of girls/young women and 40% of boys/young men reported having experienced sexual harassment at school during the 2010-2011 school year, and 87 percent of those harassed reported negative effects such as absenteeism, poor sleep, and stomachaches.

Math is Hard, Barbie Said -- a 2008 article in Newsweek that makes the argument that the "gender gap" in math is not genetic.

Move Over Barbie - You're Obsolete -- a young woman who is a recent graduate in engineering from Stanford University has created a "toy" designed for girls that develops spatial reasoning, reading skills, imagination, creativity and more.

Title IX Info -- a website dedicated to providing up-to-date information about the status and pursuit of the many issues and concerns addressed by this important piece of legislation.

Education and Title IX -- up-to-date reports, information, recommendations for reform, and other valuable resources presented by the Women's Law Center.

National Women's Law Center -- an organization that works to "protect and advance the progress of women and girls at work, in school, and in virtually every aspect of their lives" -- very valuable information and resources.

The Myra Sadker Foundation - Promoting Gender Equity -- a site in honor of researcher/author Myra Sadker, with excellent materials and links to other great sites.

Gender Differences in Educational Achievement within Ethnic and Racial Groups -- a research summary of findings about the intersection of gender and ethnicity/race in education.

Gender Equity Fact Sheet -- This fact-sheet centers on three different gender equity issues, including education in various countries -- useful statistics and graphs.

Public Perceptions of the Pay Gap -- a 2005 report by the AAUW that presents data about gender inequalities in pay and the degree to which different groups acknowledge and are concerned about it.

Gender Equity: Still Knocking at the Classroom Door -- a 1999 update by David Sadker about ways in which gender bias is still at work in schools and education.

Middle School Voices on Gender Identity -- a 1995 report based on interviews with 2,000 middle school students that reveals the degree to which gender stereotypes influence and limit adolescent development.

Gender Bias in Textbooks: A Hidden Obstacle on the Road to Gender Equity -- an article that brings an international perspective to this issue -- includes a section about the U.S.

David Sadker's Website -- a collection of good articles by noted gender equity researcher David Sadker.

Teacher Education and Textbooks: The Unfinished Gender Revolution -- a 2003 article about how teacher education textbooks generally fail to address issues of gender equity.

An Educator's Primer to the Gender Wars -- an article discussing current debates over how best to address the needs of both boys and girls, young men and young women, in schools.

School Gender Gap -- a video that explores the reasons why males lag behind females in school achievement.

The Pseudoscience of Single-Sex Schooling -- a 2011 article that reviews studies about single-sex schooling and comes to the conclusion that, "There is no well-designed research showing that single-sex education improves students' academic performance, but there is evidence that sex segregation increases gender stereotyping and legitimizes institutional sexism."

Single Sex Schools: A Good Idea Gone Wrong? -- a 2004 article raising good questions about the revitalized interest in and current governmental support for single sex education.

The Trouble with Single-Sex Schools -- a 1998 article in the Atlantic Monthly.

What Happens In an All-Girls' Math Class? -- a short video discussion of the pros and cons of single sex math education.

Single-Sex Schools No Cure All -- a 2003 California study.

Single-Gender Classrooms --  This YouTube video follows a single-sex classroom teacher and explain how she provides different teaching styles for boys and girls.

The Impact of Single-Sex Education on the Performance of First and Second Grade Public School Students -- this article focuses on research comparing single sex public education in to coed education during the 2007-2008 school year. The purpose of this study was to determine if students' academic achievement in math, reading, discipline referrals, and attendance was influenced by the type of education implemented.

Single Gender Education - Why? -- this article discusses some of the highly debated issues associated with single sex education.

The Case for Single-Sex Schools -- a 2003 article in the Christian Science Monitor.

Single Sex vs. Coed -- Information about single sex classrooms, and how they have been shown to increase girls' self confidence, grades, and over-all academic performance.

National Association for Single-Sex Public Education -- an organization dedicated to promoting single sex education.

AAUW's Position on Single-Sex Education -- a position statement by the American Association of University Women (AAUW), and a discussion of their 1998 review of the research, published in a report, Separated by Sex: A Critical Look at Single-Sex Education for Girls.

K-12 Single-Sex Education: What Does the Research Say? -- a summary review of the research.

Exposing Gender Stereotypes -- This website offers educators ideas for lesson plans about breaking down gender stereotypes.  

BEM Sex Role Inventory -- This is a tool that students can use to discover how they rate on a gender scale, the results could be used in a lesson about breaking down gender stereotypes.

Girls Write Now -- "New York’s premier creative writing and mentoring organization for high school girls." Their mission is to "provide a safe space for girls to explore and develop their creative, independent voices, and learn how to make healthy choices in school, career and life."

About Girls' Difficulties in Science: A Social, Not a Personal Matter -- a good article.

Encouraging Girls in Math and Science -- a national report from 2007 of "specific and coherent evidence-based recommendations that educators can use to encourage girls in the fields of math and science."

Association for Women in Mathematics -- "The purpose of the Association for Women in Mathematics is to encourage women and girls to study and to have active careers in the mathematical sciences, and to promote equal opportunity and the equal treatment of women and girls in the mathematical sciences."

Minority and Gender Issues in Math -- and extraordinary collection of links, articles and other resources.

Taking Stock: Where We've Been, Where We Are, Where We're Going -- a 2002 article that explores differences in white and minority women's progress in science, math and technology.

Biographies of Women in Math -- a great resource for learning about the contributions and histories of women in math.

Under the Microscope: A Decade of Gender Equity Projects in the Sciences -- a 2004 report about the findings of a number of major gender equity projects in the sciences.

Achieving Gender Equity in Science Classrooms -- good recommendations and lesson plan ideas developed at Brown University.

Encouraging Girls in Mathematics and Science -- a good chapter about issues and valuable educational strategies.

Weaving Gender Equity into Math Reform -- great resources links, especially for math educators and others interested in the math education of young women.

Girls Go Tech -- a site that promotes the involvement of girls and young women in science and math -- includes information and tips for girls, young women, and parents.

Through the Glass Wall: Computer Games for Mathematical Empowerment -- gender equitable and educationally rich computer games and activities.

Annotated Web Resources about Gender Equity and Math/Technology Instruction -- lots of good links.

Engineer Girl -- a website dedicated to promoting engineering as a profession for young women -- includes information about possible careers, profiles of women engineers, relevant computer games and progrms good readings, and more.

"Nerd Girls" TV Program Challenges Stereotypes -- read about and watch a 9 minute pilot for a reality show in which female engineering students build a solar car.

4000 Years of Women in Science -- biographies, other links, and more.

Weaving Equity into Math Reform -- a summary of research reports about gender differences relevant to math education.

Learning Styles in Mathematics Classrooms -- an article that explores the ideas of different modes of math instruction for girls and young women and single-sex math instruction.

Equal Mathematics Education for Female Students -- guidelines for better math instruction for females.

The International Alliance for Women in Music -- This organization works to build awareness of women’s contributions to all aspects of musical life by increasing and improving musical opportunities for women.

Tenure Denied: Cases of Sex Discrimination in Academia -- a 2004 study by the American Association of Unifversity Women about the women denied tenure -- "Of the faculty at colleges and universities offering four-year degrees, only 27percent of those awarded tenure are women. A lack of transparency, unclear standards, and biased behavior and decision-making in the tenure process contribute to this problem."

California Women's Law Center -- information about sex discrimination and schools.

Number of Female Faculty Increases -- a 2004 follow-up article that looks at what has happened at MIT since a study of gender bias there was made public in 1999. Progress has been made, but female faculty are still, generally, a very small minority.

Gender, Diversities, and Technology Institute -- an organization that works to create gender healthy schools and organizations.

Gender Healthy/Respectful Schools -- a video about "gender healthy schools" and what they do to achieve excellent, high expectation, bias free education for both boys and girls.

Trends in Educational Equity of Girls and Women: 2004 -- useful data from the National Center for Education Statistics.

Gender Equity for Males: What about the Boys? -- a 2000 report on the importance of addressing gender issues for males, too.

The War Against Boys -- an excellent commentary by David Sadker about the view that a concern for discrimination against women has led to a "war against boys."

ZeAndre Orr and Brooklyn's Jazzy Jumpers -- a great video about a couple of boys who have broken the stereotype that double dutch rope jumping is only for girls -- it also shows the amazing athleticism of the young women doing this stereotypically female sports activity.

Where Ballet Is a Boy Thing -- a NYTimes article about boys breaking stereotypes being involved in music theatre and dance.

Reducing Gender Stereotyping and Homophobia in Sports -- a lesson plan that "asks students to identify and discuss homophobia and gender stereotyping in athletics, and to think about how to combat these attitudes and behaviors at their own schools."

Women's History Month -- activities and information to complement classroom topics.

Suffrage History -- This website, as part of the Anthony Center for Women’s Leadership at the University of Rochester, gives background information of the history of the suffragist movement as it happened in the nearby upstate NY region.

Voices from the Gaps -- a great website about "women writers of color" -- good bios and links.

Gender Equity Issues in Athletics -- one of the best sites about this important issue.

Title IX: Gender Equity in Education -- gives a broad overview of what Title IX; content and history. It also gives statistics and statistics on progress that has been made in gender equitable education.

Title IX -- a good site about this critical legislation by the Women's Sports Foundation.

Secretary's Commission on Opportunity in Athletics -- official homepage of the controversial government commission created to review and revise Title IX Legislation -- includes the 2003 final report and recommendations of the Commission -- for the report, click on "final report" in the dark gray box near the top of the page.

Dissenting Members' Views on the Report of the Commission On Opportunity in Athletics -- a report by Commission members who disagreed with the final recommendations of the Commission.

Title IX Commission: Inequities in the Process -- a report submitted by the National Coalition for Women and Girls in Education, raising questions about the make-up and process of the "Commission on Opportunity in Athletics."

Title IX Report Card -- a good recent article that presents research about what has been achieved and what still needs to be done.

A Title IX Report -- by the Women's Sports Foundation.

Guidelines about Gender Equity in Athletics in Wisconsin -- good information about specific policies.

Women's Sports Foundation -- an organization that promotes the lifelong participation of girls and women in sports and fitness -- includes research and good links.

Indiana High Schools Reverse Decision Preventing High School Girl From Playing Baseball -- a Feb. 2010 article about a young woman in Wabash, IN who was initially denied the option of trying out for the high school baseball (not softball) team, just because she is a girl.

National Women's Law Center -- Athletics -- this group's views regarding opportunity for women in athletics/sports -- good information and perspective, especially regarding the recent Commission on Title IX legislation.

Empowering Women in Sports -- good information about issues of gender equity in sports.

Women's Basketball Coaches Association -- a national organization with a membership of 5000.

Instrument Selection and Gender Stereotypes -- a 2008 article that presents a good literature review on this important topic, an area where stereotypes dominate unless countered with education and good supports.

Gender Research in Music Education -- a resourceful website that addresses gender issues in music education, in order to establish a place where music educators can discuss concerns relating to gender.

GEMS (Gender, Education, Music, and Society) -- an on-line journal that explores connections between gender, education, music and society.

Infusing Equity by Gender into the Classroom: A Handbook of Classroom Practices -- a lesson plan for students to explore music and the media and to discuss gender roles stereotypes.

Reflections of Girls in the Media -- a good national study about media stereotypes concerning gender images.

Media Portrayals of Girls and Women -- lots of information and resources from the Media Awareness Network.

Media Messages about Masculinity -- an excellent national report about masculine stereotypes, by the organization "Children Now."

Common Stereotypes of Men in the Media -- a short but useful list of the dominant male stereotypes on television, online, and in film.

Media Stereotyping -- more good information for teachers about gender and other media stereotypes.

Boys to Men: Sports Media Messages about Masculinity -- a national study of how sports programs and commercials communicate powerful images of masculinity.

Media Portrayals of Men and Masculinity -- part of the Media Awareness website -- good research, opinion, and links about this important issue.

Male Stereotypes in the Media -- good information about damaging male stereotypes.

National Women's History Project -- excellent resources on women and gender issues.

Women of Achievement -- a good list of significant women and related links and resources.

Women of the Movement Bios -- brief but effective bios of women centrally involved in the Civil Rights Movement -- very useul for developing lesson plans and learning about the role of women in this important struggle.

Female Nobel Prize Laureates -- good resources about these women highly regarded for their work and contributions.

Women in History in Children's and Young Adult Books -- good bibliography and more.

Infusing Equity by Gender into the Classroom -- this website offers a variety of lesson plans on gender bias grouped by age level and subject.

Beyond Female Protagonists: Female Voices in Picture Books -- a bibliography of children's books with strong female leading characters.

Adolescent Girls’ Body-Narratives: Learning to Desire and Create a "Fashionable" Image -- a good article.

Listening to Latinas: Barriers to High School Graduation -- a 2009 report that explores the causes of the dropout crisis for latinas and identifies the actions needed to improve their graduations rates and get them ready for college.

The Daughters of Aztlán: A Socio-Historical Survey of Chicanas in the United States -- a history of Mexican American women in the U.S.

Connecting Gender and Disability -- a 1999 digest of research about intersections of gender, disability and race -- "Discrimination is an enduring issue for all people with disabilities. Women and girls with disabilities, however, are subjected to double discrimination: sexism as well as disability bias. ... women and girls of color with disabilities face a third layer of bias in the form of racism."

Notable Women in the World of the Arts -- a site with good links and reources about women in the arts.

Women Composers: A Bibliography of Internet Resources -- good links and resources.

Women Composers -- a list of great links.

Women of the Blues -- an article about notable women blues musicians.

New Moon Network -- an international magazine "for every girl who wants her voice heard and her dreams taken seriously."

Dads and Daughters -- useful curriculum ideas and research.

Real Boys: Rescuing Our Sons from the Myths of Manhood -- a brief summary of some of the key ideas in a book of this title, by William Pollack. Pollack writes: "Research shows that male infants are more emotionally expressive than female infants. However, as a boy ages, his emotional expressiveness decreases. Why? Because 'The Boy Code'--society's definition of what it means to be a boy--demands that boys suppress or cover up their emotions. As a result, boys develop a "mask of masculinity" to hide their shame, vulnerability and the other feelings they cannot express publicly. The inability to show true emotions hardens a boy until, ultimately, he loses touch with them.The book describes and addresses something Pollack calls, "The Boy Code", which he explains, is "society's definition of what it means to be a boy--demands that boys suppress or cover up their emotions. As a result, boys develop a "mask of masculinity" to hide their shame, vulnerability and the other feelings they cannot express publicly. The inability to show true emotions hardens a boy until, ultimately, he loses touch with them."

Breaking the 'Boy Code': New Movement Advocates Adapting Schools and Society to What Works for Boys -- an article about the work of the Supporting Our Sons organization to counter macho stereotypes

Supporting Our Sons -- a national organization dedicated to "the development of the whole boy."

How to Raise Well-Rounded Sons -- an article about how to help boys understand and counter male stereotypes.

War Play: Good or Bad -- a short article by William Pollack, author of Real Boys, about how parents and teachers can assess the war play, or aggressive play, of children.

EducatingJane.com -- this site is for girls, their parents, and educators and is committed to improving girls' self-esteem, self-awareness, and involvement in the world, with education as their highest priority.

Education World -- this site offers links to great resources that both teach about women's history and suffrage as well as provide lesson plans for the inclusion of women's history in the classroom.

The Feminist Majority Foundation -- this site provides a lengthy and thorough webpage of links to resources devoted to gender equity in education.

The Educational Equity Center at the Academy of Educational Development -- here you can find programs and materials for teachers to incorporate in their classrooms to increase gender equity.

The American Council on Education Office of Women in Higher Education -- there is a wealth of resources for women in higher education to find programs and services to support them in their career advancement and leadership growth.

Gender Roles: Interviews with Kids -- this video shows just how early and solidly children begin to adopt “typical” gender stereotypes. 

Gender, Education, Music & Society (GEMS) -- provides links to many articles regarding gender education and equitable approaches in the field of music.

Education From a Gender Equality Perspective -- a PDF file of a document outlining recommendations and information for equitable teaching regarding gender. Sponsored by the USAID (United States Agency International Development).

News Report on Single-Gender Classrooms -- video showing positive findings as to student performance, self-esteem, and class choices in single-gender classrooms.

Transgender Basics -- a twenty-minute educational film dealing with concepts surrounding gender identity, and transgendered people.

Intersex Society of North America -- a worldwide network uniting intersex people who have been victimized by the medical community.

Trans-Academics -- a website providing educational and community resources for those with an academic or personal interest in the spectrum of gender identities.

What if It’s (Sort of) a Boy and (Sort of) a Girl? -- article recounting intersex activist Cheryl Chase’s personal story about how the medical community decided her gender for her by giving her unnecessary gender reassignment.

Should Your Schools Dress Code Address Transgender Students? -- this article references how schools have and should address transgender students and dress code violations.

The Status of Male Teachers in Public Education Today -- this education policy brief discusses the fact that there is a lack of male teachers in primary and secondary education and proposes strategies to encourage men to teach.

The Plight of China's Favored Sons -- This New York Times article discusses the social and population stability problems that will inevitably become more prevalent over time from the decline in fertility rates and sex-selective abortions that have come out of China's one child policy.

 
Some Good Books & Articles

Adenika-Morrow, T. J. 1996. A Lifeline to Science Careers for African-American Females, Educational Leadership, May 1996, 53(8).

Allana, A., Asad, N., & Sherali, Y. 2010. Gender in Academic Setting: Role of Teachers. International Journal of Innovation, Management and Technology.

American Association of University Women. 1991. Shortchanging Girls, Shortchanging America: Full Data Report.

American Association of University Women. 1992. How Schools Shortchange Girls.

American Association of University Women. 1993. Hostile Hallways: The AAUW Survey on Sexual Harassment in America's Schools.

American Association of University Women. 1995. Growing Smart: What's Working for Girls in School.

American Association of University Women. 1998. Gender Gaps: Where Schools Still Fail Our Children.

American Association of University Women. 1999. Voices of a Generation: Teenage Girls on Sex, School, and Self.

American Association of University Women. 2000. A License for Bias: Sex Discrimination, Schools, and Title IX.

American Association of University Women. 2000. Si, Se Puede! Yes, We Can: Latinas in School.

American Association of University Women. 2000. Tech-Savvy: Educating Girls in the New Computer Age.

American Association of University Women. 2001. Beyond the "Gender Wars": A Conversation about Girls, Boys, and Education.

American Association of University Women. 2001. Hostile Hallways: Bullying, Teasing, and Sexual Harassment in School.

Artz, N. et al., 1999. Gender Issues in Advertising Language. Women and Language, 22(2): 20-6.

Bailey, Susan McGee. 1993. The Current Status of Gender Equality Research in American Schools. Educational Psychologist.

Bank, B. & Hall, P. 1997. Gender, Equity, and Schooling: Policy and Practice. Garland.

Belenky, M. 1988. Women's Ways of Knowing: The Development of Self, Voice and Mind. Basic Books.

Bernstein, Anita. 1997. Treating Sexual Harassment with Respect. Harvard Law Review.

Bingham, M et al. 1995. Things Will Be Different for My Daughter: A Practical Guide to Building Her Self-Esteem and Self-Reliance. Penguin Books.

Birrell, S. & Cole, C. 1994. Women, Sport, and Culture. Human Kinetics.

Brown, L. & Gilligan, C. 1993. Meeting at the Crossroads: Women's Psychology and Girls' Development. Ballantine.

Brumberg, J. 2000. Fasting Girls: The Emergence of Anorexia Nervosa as a Modern Disease. Vintage Books.

Brumberg, J. 1998. The Body Project: An Intimate History of American Girls. Vintage Books.

Bullough, B., Bullough, V. & Elias, J. 1997. Gender Blending. Prometheus Books.

Carroll, R. (Ed.) 1997. Sugar in the Raw: Voices of Young Black Girls in America. Crown.

Citron, M. 1995. Gender and the Musical Canon. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Crawford, S. 1996. Beyond Dolls and Guns: 101 Ways to Help Children Avoid Gender Bias. Heinemann.

Danaher, W. 2005. Gender Power: The Influence of Blues Queens. American Behavioral Scientist, 48, 11: 1453-1467.

Dellasega, C. 2001. Surviving Ophelia: Mothers Share Their Wisdom in Navigating the Tumultuous Teenage Years. Perseus Books.

Douglas, S. 1995. Where the Girls Are: Growing Up Female With the Mass Media. Times Books.

Eagly, Alice H. 1990. Gender and leadership style: A meta-analysis. Psychological bulletin. 108 (2)

Eder, D. 1995. School Talk: Gender and Adolescent Culture. Rutgers University Press.

Eliot, L. 2009. Pink Brain, Blue Brain: How Small differences Grow into Troublesome Gaps and What We Can Do About It. Houghton Mifflin.

Evans-Winters, V. 2005. Teaching Black Girls: Resiliency in Urban Classrooms. Peter Lang.

Farmer, L. 2008. Teen Girls and Technology: What's the Problem? What's the Solution? Teachers College Press.

Fine, C. 2001. Strong, Smart, and Bold: Empowering Girls for Life. Harper Resource Books.

Flynn, R. et al., 2003. Exploring the Use of Children's Literature to Impact the Gender Role Expectations of 5th Grade Students. Educational Research Association.

Franke, Katherine M. 1997. What's Wrong with Sexual Harassment? Stanford Law Review.

Frawley, T. 2005. Gender Bias in the Classroom: Current Controversies and Implications for Teachers. Childhood Education, 81(4): 221-227.

Gabbei, R. & Mitchell, M. 2001. Middle School Physical Education and Gender Issues: Student Behaviors and Perceptions. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, March, 72(1): A-64.

Gabbei, R. & Mitchell, M. 2001. Middle School Physical Education Teachers and Gender Issues: Two Case Studies. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, March, 72(1): A-64.

Gadeberg, J. & Hatlen, B. 1997. Brave New Girls: Creative Ideas to Help Girls Be Confident, Healthy, & Happy. Fairview Press.

Gallas, K. 1997. Sometimes I Can Be Anything: Power, Gender and Identity in a Primary Classroom. Teachers College Press.

Gilligan, C. 1982. In a Different Voice. Harvard University Press.

Gilligan, C. et al. 1989. Making Connections: The Relational Worlds of Adolescent Girls at Emma Willard School. Harvard University Press.

Glennon, W. 1999. 200 Ways to Raise a Girl's Self-Esteem: An Indispensable Guide for Parents, Teachers and Other Concerned Caregivers. Conari Publishers.

Green, L. 1997. Music, Gender, Education. Cambridge University Press.

Green, L. 1999. Sexual Harassment in Schools and Athletics Programs: A Comprehensive Guide. Sports Law Publishing.

Greig, C. & Hughes, J. 2009. A Boy Who Would Rather Write Poetry than Throw Rocks at Cats Is Also Considered to Be Wanting in Masculinity: Poetry, Masculinity, and Baiting Boys. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 30(1): 91-105.

Gurian, M. 1997. The Wonder of Boys: What Parents, Mentors and Educators Can Do to Shape Boys into Exceptional Men. J. P. Tarcher.

Gurian, M. 2000. The Good Son: Shaping the Moral Development of Our Boys and Young Men. J. P. Tarcher.

Gurian, M., Henley, P., & Trueman, T. 2001. Boys and Girls Learn Differently!: A Guide for Teachers and Parents. Jossey-Bass.

Hamilton, et al. 2006. Gender Stereotyping and Under-Representation of Female Characters in 200 Popular Children's Picture Books: A Twenty-First Century Update. Sex Roles, 55, 757-765.

Hartley-Brewer, E. 2001. Raising Confident Girls: 100 Tips for Parents and Teachers. Fisher Books.

Hesse- Biber, S. 1997. Am I Thin Enough Yet?: The Cult of Thinness and the Commercialization of Identity. Oxford University Press.

Horgan, D. 1994. Achieving Gender Equity: Strategies for the Classroom. Allyn & Bacon.

Jones, K. et al., 2000. Gender Equity Training and Teacher Behavior. Journal of Instructional Psychology, 2(3): 173-177.

JOPERD. 1996. Does Coeducational Physical Education Help High School Students Reach Their Full Potential? The Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, & Dance, 67(8): 2.

Kilbourne, J. 1999. Deadly Persuasion: Why Women and Girls Must Fight the Addictive Power of Advertising. Free Press.

Kilbourne, J. & Pipher, M. 2000. Can't Buy My Love. Touchstone Books.

Kimmel, M, 2008. Guyland: The Perilous World Where Boys Become Men. Harper.

Kindlon, D. and Thompson, M. 2000. Raising Cain: Protecting the Emotional Life of Boys. Ballantine.

Kivel, P. 1999. Boys Will Be Men. New Society.

Lee, V. 1996. The Culture of Sexual Harassment in Secondary Schools. American Educational Research Journal, 33(2).

Lopez, N. 2002. Rewriting Race and Gender High School Lessons: Second-Generation Dominicans in New York City. Teachers College Record, 104( (6): 1187-1203.

Lopez, N. 2003. Hopeful Girls, Troubled Boys: Race and Gender Disparity in Urban Education. Routledge.

Lyman, K. 2000. Girls, Worms, and Body Image: A Teacher Deals with Gender Stereotypes among her Second- and Third-Graders. Rethinking Schools: An Urban Educational Journal, 14(3):1-7.

Malveaux, J. 1998. Sisters in Science. Black Issues in Higher Education, 15(3): 33.

Matthews, C. et al. 1998. Challenging Gender Bias in Fifth Grade. Educational Leadership, 55 (Dec./Jan.) p. 54-7.

McCormick, T. 1994.  Creating the Nonsexist Classroom: A Multicultural Approach. Teachers College Press.

Meyer, E. 2009.  Gender, Bullying & Harassment: Strategies to End Sexism and Homophobia in Schools. Teachers College Press.

McRorie, J. 2001. High Schools Face Scrutiny, Lawsuits Over Gender Equality in Sports Teams. Curriculum Review, 41(3): 14-15.

Miedziam, M. 2002. Boys Will be Boys: Breaking the Link Between Masculinity and Violence. Lantern Books.

Miller, A. & Lucal, B. 2009. The Pedagogy of (In)Visibility. Teaching Sociology 37 (3).

Mitchell, C. & Austin, S. (Eds.) 1995. Gender Equity Through Physical Education and Sport. National Association of Girls and Women in Sports.

Orenstein, P. 1995. School Girls: Young Women, Self-Esteem, and the Confidence Gap. Anchor.

Paley, V. 1986. Boys and Girls: Superheroes in the Doll Corner. University of Chicago.

Paul, D. 1999. Images of Black Females in Children's/Adolescent Fiction. The Multicultural Review, June, 8(2).

Pipher, M. 1995. Reviving Ophelia: Saving the Selves of Adolescent Girls. Ballantine Books.

Pollack, W. 1999. Real Boys: Rescuing Our Sons from the Myths of Boyhood. Owl Books.

Pollack, W. 2001. Real Boys' Voices. Penguin.

Rex, J. & Chadwell, D. 2009. Single-Gender Classrooms. School Administrator, 66(8): 28-33.

Rose, S. 2005. Going Too Far? Sex, Sin and Social Policy. Social Forces, 84: 2.

Rosser, S. 1995. Teaching the Majority: Breaking the Gender Barrier in Science, Math and Engineering. Teachers College Press.

Sadker, D. 1999. Gender Equity: Still Knocking at the Classroom Door. Educational Leadership, 56(7): 22-6.

Sadker, D. & Zittleman, K. 2009. Still Failing at Fairness: How Schools Cheat Girls and Boys and What We Can Do About It. Simon & Schuster.

Sadker, M. & Sadker, D. 1995. Failing at Fairness, How Schools Cheat Girls. Touchstone Books.

Sanders, J., Koch, J. & Urso, J 1997. Gender Equity Right From the Start: Instructional Activities. Lawrence Erlbaum.

Sanders, J., Koch, J. & Urso, J. 1997. Gender Equity Sources and Resources for Education Students. Lawrence Erlbaum.

Schrof, J. 1993. The Gender Machine: Congress is Looking for Ways to Remove Old Barriers to Girls' Success. U.S. News and World Report, August, 115(5): 42.

Scorsese, M. 2003. Interpretive Lessons: Men, Women, and the Blues. Vulcan Productions, Inc.

Scott, B. and Harrassowitz, C. 2004. Beyond Beethoven and the Boyz: Women's Music in Relation to History and Culture. Music Educators Journal, 90, 4: 50-56.

Shindler, S. 1999. Ophelia Speaks: Adolescent Girls Write About Their Search for Self. Harper Perennial.

Silverman, S. 1999. Can Girls Have Success in the Sport of Education Model? The Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, & Dance, 70(4): 1.

Sipe, S., Johnson, C. & Fisher, D. 2009. University Students' Perceptions of Gender Discrimination in the Workplace: Reality versus Fiction. Journal of Education for Business, 84(6): 339-349.

Spencer, R., et al. 2003. We've Come a Long Way, Maybe. Teachers College Record, 105(9): 1774-1807.

Sperandio, J. 2009. Confronting Issues of Gender and Ethnicity: Women's Experiences as Aspiring Urban Principals. Journal of Research on Leadership Education, 4(4): 67-95.

Sprung, B., Froschl, M. & Gropper, N. 2010. Supporting Boys' Learning: Strategies for Teacher Practice, Pre-K-Grade 3. Teachers College Press.

Stein, N. 1995. Sexual Harassment in Schoo. Harvard Educational Review, 65 (2): 145-162.

Taylor, J., Gilligan, C. & Sullivan, A. 1995. Between Voice and Silence: Women and Girls, Race and Relationship. Harvard University Press.

Thorne, B. 1993. Gender Play: Girls and Boys at School. Rutgers University Press.

Wehmeyer, M. & Schwartz, M. 2001. Disproportionate Representation of Males in Special Education Services: Biology, Behavior, or Bias? Education and Treatment of Children, 24(1): 28-45.

Werner, L. & Denning, J. 2009. Pair Programming in Middle School: What Does It Look Like? Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 42(1): 29-49.

Wick, C. 1997. Microinequity Skits: Generating Conversation about Gender Issues. In Yearbook, 1997. National Council of Teachers of Mathematics.

Wiseman, R. 2002. Queen Bees and Wannabes: Helping Your Daughter Survive Cliques, Gossip, Boyfriends, and Other Realities of Adolescence. Crown.


Films & Videos

The Codes of Gender: Identity & Performance in Popular Culture, 2009

Straightlaced: How Gender's Got Us All Tied Up -- This film explores how we define gender and how it relates to sexuality, 2009

Girls Wear Pink, Boys Wear Blue -- a CSPAN video with interviewsof children in which they're asked to explain stereotypes about girls and boys, 2010

Killing Us Softly 4 (the most recent film in this powerful series about female stereotypes in advertising), 2010

Killing Us Softly 3 (more about female stereotypes in advertising), 2000

Still Killing Us Softly (female stereotypes in advertising), 1987

Slim Hopes: Advertising and the Obsession with Thinness, 1995

Not Just a Game: Power, Politics, and American Sports, 2010

Generation M: Misogyny in Media and Culture, 2008

The Bro Code: How Contemporary Culture Creates Sexist Men, 2011

Boys to Men?, 2004

Wresting with Manhood: Boys Bullying & Battering, 2003

Dreamworlds 3: Desire, Sex & Power in Music Video (the most recent film in a excellent series), 2007

Tough Guise: Violence, Media, & the Crisis in Masculinity, 1999

Game Over: Gender, Race, and Violence in Video Games, 2000

Increasing Motivation through Gender Equity, 1995

Girls Can!, 1994

The Killing Screens: Media and the Culture of Violence, 1994.

Sexual Harassment: Building Awareness on Campus, 1995

Stale Roles and Tight Buns: Images of Men in Advertising, 1988

The Power of Suggestion, Part 2 (a critical look at daytime soap operas), 1987

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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