# Careers in Mathematics

There are lots of exciting careers that use mathematics—some that might surprise you! Mathematics is used in a wide range of fields and many employers seek out math majors because of their reasoning skills and problem-solving ability.

The Mathematical Association of America has a list of career profiles and interviews with math majors. Here are some examples:

**Teaching** of mathematics at the K-12 level is one of the highest-demand fields and the need is expected to growing rapidly.

**Actuarial science** takes mathematics and statistics and applies them to finance and insurance. Actuarial science includes a number of interrelating disciplines, including probability and statistics, finance, and economics.

**Operations research** is an interdisciplinary branch of mathematics which uses mathematical methods to arrive at optimal decisions to problems in maximizing or minimizing things like costs or profits.

**Cryptography** is the practice and study of hiding information. Not just for spies anymore, cryptography applications include the security of ATM cards and computer passwords.

**Biomathematics** models biological processes using mathematical techniques with applications to cellular neurobiology, epidemic modelling, and population genetics.

**Computer science** positions highly prize applicants with strong mathematics backgrounds because of their training in logical and precise thinking.

**Scientific research **very much depends upon mathematicians to construct the models which explain physical observations.

**Engineering** careers, from aerospace to nuclear, depend upon solid mathematical training.

## Careers that Use Mathematical Skills

**Law**: Statistics is becoming crucial as court cases address increasingly complex problems. Statisticians analyze data that can help a judge or jury decide whether someone is guilty of a crime; discrimination cases usually involve statistical studies; intellectual infringement cases often involve consumer recognition statistical surveys; medical statistics are crucial in judging whether a drug or medical device has toxic effects and was the probable cause of a disease contracted by the plaintiff; forensic statistics is a growing branch of applied statistics.

**Finance:**** **Mathematicians model the ways in which individuals, businesses, and organizations raise, allocate, and use monetary resources over time.

**Medicine**: Statisticians play a key role in the drug experimentation process leading to drug approval; statistical thought is vital to all clinical trials; the entire analytic epidemiology field is based on the use of mathematical models; statistics has played a pivotal role in the development of nursing science; most modern genetic studies depend heavily on mathematical models.