
Physics Courses3151010031510200 Introduction to Physics I and II NS LA 2a Principles and concepts of classical physics. Mechanics, including rotational motion and energy and momentum conservation, properties of matter, heat and thermodynamics, standing waves and sound, physical and geometrical optics, electrostatics, magnetism, DC and AC circuits, and an introduction to atomic physics. Three lectures and one recitation/laboratory per week. Prerequisites: Math placement in group 2. 4 credits. (31510100F, 31510200S,Y) 31511700 Principles of Physics I: Mechanics NS LA 2a Intended as the first semester of college physics for students majoring in science or mathematics. Topics include vectors, kinematics in one and two dimensions, dynamics, work, energy, momentum, rotational motion, oscillation, and the properties of fluids. Emphasis is placed on the mathematical analysis of concepts. Prerequisites: 31311100 (may be taken concurrently). 4 credits. (F,Y) 31511800 Principles of Physics II: Electricity and Magnetism NS LA 2a Intended as the second semester of college physics for students majoring in science and mathematics. Topics include static electric fields and Coulomb's law, Gauss's law, electric potential, capacitors, Ohm's law, the magnetic field and Ampere's law, induction and Faraday's law, and elementary circuit theory. Emphasis is placed on mathematical analysis. Prerequisites: 31511700; 31311200 (may be taken concurrently). 3 credits. (S,Y) 31511900 Problem Solving in Physics U LA Introduction for beginning physics students to problemsolving strategies in physics, physics laboratory work, and the use of computers in physics. It consists of short lectures, problem assignments, and laboratory exercises based on examples from 31511700 Principles of Physics I: Mechanics and applications of physics in astronomy. Students work in pairs solving problems and presenting their solutions to the rest of the class. Corequisites: 31511700. 2 credits. (F,Y) 31512000 Freshman Laboratory NS LA 2a A laboratory course designed to develop experimental skills. Focus is on the use of modern electronics and computers to measure and analyze data. Students construct analog and digital circuits, and then use them to carry out experiments illustrating physical principles from mechanics and electricity and magnetism. Corequisites: 31511800. 2 credits. (S,Y) 31514000 Why the Sky Is Blue and All That NS LA 2a An attempt to alter the usual approach to physics for nonscience majors by giving the student an appreciation of the methodology of physics and how physicists view the universe in which we live. Some topics to be discussed are the extent of the physical universe in space and time, motion and forces, the conservation laws of nature, the nature of light (including why the sky is blue), and the ideas of modern physics. The approach is descriptive and nonmathematical. 3 credits. (Y) 31516000 The Physics of Sound NS LA 2a Physical basis of sound, with an emphasis placed on musical instruments, the human voice, and sound recording and reproduction. Physics concepts are introduced and developed as needed to understand these areas. Open to all students. Prerequisites: High school algebra. 3 credits. (Y) 31517100 Earth: Evolution of a Habitable World NS LA 2a Formation and evolution of planet Earth from the astronomer's perspective: creation of elements, the first rocks, development of oceans, the first atmosphere, formation of the moon, records of climate history, and how life on Earth fits into the context of life in the universe. We will examine Venus and Mars as possible analogs for Earth's evolution (past and future). Other topics include the influence of the sun on Earth's climate, the greenhouse effect, the geologic record of the development of continents, and the asteroid and comet impact hazard. Emphasis is placed on our sources of knowledge, the errors of our measurements, and the attendant model uncertainties in predicting Earth's future. Students may not receive credit for both 31517100 and 31517200. Prerequisites: Math placement in group 3, 2, or 1. 3 credits. (S,Y) 31517200 Earth: Evolution of a Habitable World with Lab NS LA 2a Formation and evolution of planet Earth from the astronomer's perspective: creation of elements, the first rocks, development of oceans, the first atmosphere, formation of the moon, records of climate history, and how life on Earth fits into the context of life in the universe. We will examine Venus and Mars as possible analogs for Earth's evolution (past and future). Other topics include the influence of the sun on Earth's climate, the greenhouse effect, the geologic record of the development of continents, and the asteroid and comet impact hazard. Emphasis is placed on our sources of knowledge, the errors of our measurements, and the attendant model uncertainties in predicting Earth's future. Students enrolled in this course attend the lecture of 31517100, but also meet for an additional weekly lab. Students may not receive credit for both 31517100 and 31517200. Prerequisites: Math placement in group 3, 2, or 1. 4 credits. (S,Y) 31517400 Solar System Astronomy NS LA 2a Survey of the solar system from the earliest conceptions of motions in the sky to modern findings of space exploration in the solar system. Emphasis is placed on physical processes and dynamics of the moon, earth, planets, comets, meteoric matter, and asteroids. Astronomical instruments and measurements. 3 credits. (Y) 31517500 Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe NS LA 2a Survey of the universe lying beyond the solar system; introduction to characteristics and motions of stars; stellar structure and evolution; interstellar matter; star clusters, the sun, galaxies; introduction to cosmology; the question of life in the universe; astronomical instruments and measurements. 3 credits. (Y) 31517600 Solar System Astronomy with Lab NS LA 2a Introduction to observational procedures in solar system astronomy. Activities include both outdoor observing sessions and indoor lab exercises. Outdoor sessions emphasize learning the night sky and handson use of telescopes. Indoor laboratories emphasize data analysis through the use of celestial globes, spectroscopes, computer simulation, and image processing. Students enrolled in this course attend the lecture of 31517400 Solar System Astronomy, but also meet for an additional weekly evening lab. This course is not open to students with prior credit in 31517400. 4 credits. (Y) 31517700 Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe with Lab NS LA 2a Introduction to observational procedures in stellar and galactic astronomy. Activities include both outdoor observing sessions and indoor lab exercises. Outdoor sessions emphasize learning the night sky and handson use of telescopes. Indoor laboratories emphasize data analysis through the use of celestial globes, spectroscopes, computer simulation, and image processing. Students enrolled in this course attend the lecture of 31517500 Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe, but also meet for an additional weekly evening lab. This course is not open to students with prior credit in 31517500. 4 credits. (Y) 31521700 Principles of Physics III: Heat and Optics NS LA The third semester of the introductory sequence for science majors. Topics include the first and second laws of thermodynamics, Maxwell distribution, entropy, geometrical optics, interference, diffraction (single and double slits and gratings), optical spectra, and polarization. Prerequisites: 31511800; 31311200. 4 credits. (F,Y) 31521800 Principles of Physics IV: Modern Physics NS LA A course aimed at giving students a working knowledge of the concepts of modern physics. Topics include the theory of relativity, interaction of photons with matter, quantum theory, the hydrogen atom, statistical and solid state physics, nuclear physics, and elementary particles. Prerequisites: 31521700. 4 credits. (S,Y) 31522500 DC and AC Circuits NS LA Experiments on DC and AC circuits with emphasis placed both on test instruments and accurate measurements, and on mathematical analysis and theory (including the use of complex numbers for AC theory). Circuits include steady state and transient RC and RL, and series and parallel RLC. Prerequisites: 31511800; 31512000. 3 credits. (F,Y) 31529600 Independent Study U LA Onesemester course in which a student may pursue a topic of interest in physics. Offered on demand only. Prerequisites: Sophomore standing or above; permission of instructor. 0.53 credits; 6 credit limit. 31529900 Independent Research  Introductory U LA Original research participation with faculty member in a specialized field. Prerequisites: Sophomore standing or above; permission of instructor. 0.53 credits; 6 credit limit. (FS,Y) 31530100 Mathematical Methods of Physics NS LA Algebra of complex numbers and complex functions, vector calculus, ordinary differential equations, Fourier and Legendre series, and partial differential equations with applications to selected physics topics. While not required, it is strongly recommended that 31321200 Calculus IV be taken prior to this course. Prerequisites: 31321100; 31521800. 3 credits. (F,Y) 31530500 Electromagnetism NS LA An intermediate course in electricity and magnetism that builds on the foundation received in 31511800. Topics include electric and magnetic fields, Gauss's law, electric potential, circuits, Ampere's law, Faraday's law, and Maxwell's equations. Prerequisites: 31521700. 3 credits. (F,Y) 31531100 Analytical Mechanics NS LA Intermediate mechanics, including statics and dynamics of particles and rigid bodies, central forces, planetary motion, Lagrange's equation, and Hamilton's equation. Three lecturerecitations per week. Prerequisites: 31511800; 31530100. 3 credits. (S,Y) 31532000 Thermodynamics NS LA Topics include laws of thermodynamics with applications, thermodynamic functions and potentials, kinetic theory, real and idealized systems, and intermolecular processes. Prerequisites: 31521700. 3 credits. (S,O) 31532600 Analog Electronics NS LA A laboratory course on electronics covering the origination, amplification, processing, and digital conversion of analog signals. Experiments involve bipolar transistors, operational amplifiers, active and passive filters, oscillators, and analogtodigital and digitaltoanalog converters. Emphasis is placed on the basic theory underlying the circuits and devices and on general lab techniques. Prerequisites: 31522500. 3 credits. (S,E) 31535100 Digital Electronics NS LA A laboratory course on digital electronics covering combinatorial and sequential logic, microprocessors, and interfacing. Experiments involve basic logic gates, flipflops, counters, memories, multiplexers, demultiplexers, microprocessors, and interfacing counter/timers. Prerequisites: 31522500. 3 credits. (S,E) 31536000 Advanced Laboratory I NS LA An advanced laboratory course in which students are expected to conduct four or five investigations in areas such as mechanics, optics, thermodynamics, and electricity and magnetism. Emphasis is placed on the development of good laboratory techniques and datataking procedures. Students work independently and are expected to become familiar with modern developments in instrumentation, formal report writing, and the statistical basis for data analysis. Prerequisites: 31521800; 31522500. 3 credits. (S,O) 31539900 Independent Research  Intermediate U LA Prerequisites: Two credits of 31529900; permission of instructor. 0.53 credits. (FS,Y) 31542100 Quantum Mechanics NS LA Emphasis is placed on understanding the nature of quantum theory and how it differs from classical ideas. Topics include the uncertainty principle, the Schrödinger equation and solutions to various potentials, perturbation theory, and the oneelectron atom. Prerequisites: 31531100; permission of instructor. 3 credits. (IRR) 31545100 Advanced Laboratory II NS LA Students are expected to gain a thorough understanding of several experiments carried out during the term, rather than to complete a large number of small projects. Emphasis is placed on independent work. Available experiments include nuclear techniques, gamma ray spectroscopy, and the Mossbauer effect. Prerequisites: 31521800; 31522500. 3 credits. (S,E) 31545500 Electrodynamics NS LA Builds on the foundation gained in 31530500. Topics include electric and magnetic fields, Gauss's law, electric potential, circuits, Ampere's law, Faraday's law, and Maxwell's equations. Prerequisites: 31530500. 3 credits. (IRR) 31549900 Independent Research  Advanced U LA Prerequisites: Two credits of 31539900; permission of instructor. 0.53 credits. (FS,Y) 

A. Ozolins, Office of Creative Services, 15. July, 2005 