A standard figure used for all undergraduate students (there are different COA figures for graduate students) that accounts for annual expenses billed by the College (tuition, fees, room & board) as well as some that you may incur but aren’t actually billed for (books, living expenses). For determining need, we use the same COA for everyone, which is determined using rules established by law.
Financial Aid 101
Cost of attendance (COA)
Expected Family Contribution (EFC)
The EFC is determined by a combination of a government formula called the “Federal methodology” and our own “institutional methodology”, which are based on information provided in your FAFSA (family size, number in college, income, and assets) as well as information provided in your CSS Profile. Using these two methodologies allows us to determine both the federal aid you qualify for as well as the amount of Ithaca aid you may receive.
EFC = Student Contribution + Parent Contribution
The EFC is made up of two parts: the student contribution and the parent contribution.
- The student contribution to the EFC is determined by taking a percentage of the student’s income and assets.
- The formula takes the parents’ total income (taxed & non-taxed) and deducts an income protection allowance (which takes into consideration where you live in determining basic expenses) and an employment allowance (which accounts for the costs of working).
- What’s left after allowances is considered discretionary income and parents are expected to pay a percentage of that for school.
- The value of parents’ accounts and investments is also considered.
- An asset protection allowance (which takes the parents’ ages into account, protecting more of your assets as you get closer to retirement) is deducted before the value of the assets is included in the formula.
- The parent contribution is calculated by a percentage of the total income and assets, AFTER allowances.
Change of Financial Status
A change in financial status may affect the amount of your aid. Learn more about how changes to your family income, expenses or outside awards can affect your need determination.