Craig Duncan

Professor, Philosophy and Religion



Libertarianism: For and Against (Rowman and Littlefield, 2005).

This is a co-authored, debate-format book in which I write AGAINST libertarianism (and for "democratic liberalism"); my co-author Tibor Machan writes in favor of libertarianism. 

  • Selected as a CHOICE magazine “2006 Outstanding Academic Title” by the American Library Association. 
  • Subject of Liberty Fund conference (June 18-20, 2009) devoted exclusively to discussing this book.

Click here to download a sample chapter from this book.

Academic Articles:

"The Many Gods Objection: A Defeat, then a Resurrection,"  in Pascal's Wager, eds. Paul Bartha and Lawrence Pasternack (Cambridge University Press, 2018).  This is a volume in Cambridge University Press's Classic Philosophical Arguments series. 

"Of Fortune and Fortunes: Justice and the Variety of Inputs to Wealth," Philosophic Exchange  44: No.2, Article 2 (2014)

"In Defense of the Social Safety Net," Think Volume 38, Issue 13 (Autumn 2014), pp. 25-37.  (This piece is a response to Tibor Machan, "Two Flaws in Anti-Market Criticisms," Think, Volume 12, Issue 35 [Autumn 2013], pp 95-99.)

“Religion and Secular Utility: Happiness, Truth, and Pragmatic Arguments for Theistic Belief,” The Philosophy Compass 8:381-399 (2013).

“The Persecutor’s Wager,” The Philosophical Review 116:1-50 (2007).

“Do Vague Objections Really Scotch Pascal’s Wager?”, Philosophical Studies 112:279-290 (2003).

Encyclopedia Entries:

“Libertarianism,” in B. Badie, D. Berg-Schlosser, & L. Morlino (eds.), The International Encyclopedia of Political Science (SAGE Publications, 2011), pp. 1443-1448.

Book Reviews:

Review of Mark C. Murphy, God's Own Ethics: Norms of Divine Agency and the Argument from Evil, Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews ( July 7, 2018

Review of J. M. Berstein, Torture and Dignity: An Essay on Moral Injury, Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews  ( July 6, 2016

Review of David A. Strauss, The Living Constitution. Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews  ( November 2, 2011.

“Critical Survey: Recent Texts in the Philosophy of Religion,” Teaching Philosophy 33:187-200 (June 2010)

Review of Jan Narveson, This is Ethical Theory. Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews  ( June 9, 2010.

Review of Jeff Jordan, Pascal's Wager: Pragmatic Arguments and Belief in God . Mind (2007): 117:1082-1086

Miscellaneous Peer-Reviewed Publications:

“Mitigating Non-Strategic Coalitions,” Game and Puzzle Design 2:55-61 (2016)

Popular Press:

“Torture is never justified,” The Ithaca Journal (5/5/11); reprinted in The Binghamton Press & Sun Bulletin (May 5, 2011, p. A18).

“Libertarianism Should Strike a Balance,” The Shreveport Times (1/28/07), p. 5I.

“Libertarianism in one easy lesson: an open debate,” The Philosophers’ Magazine (3rd Quarter, 2003), pp. 46-49. I was participant in a printed debate on libertarianism; in my contribution I argued AGAINST liberatarianism.


Some Thoughts on Abortion and the Adoption Option (some reflections I once typed up for a Bioethics class I taught)

Anarcho-Capitalism (a PowerPoint presentation describing and criticizing anarcho-capitalism)