I joined the Politics department in 1991 and retired in 2020, having served for nearly half this time as the founding director of the Center for the Study of Culture, Race, and Ethnicity (1999- 2002 and 2006-15). In Spring 2008, I also held the Spinoza Chair in Philosophy at the University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands. However, my career path began in Pakistan where I was recruited into its Foreign Service in 1976 and was fired six years later at the edict of General Zia ul Haq, the country's military ruler, for having criticized him. I then worked briefly for the Muslim, a now defunct opposition paper, before leaving for graduate school in the U.S., where I also received political asylum.
Much of my scholarship is about the routinized aspects of violence, notably, colonial, sexual, religious and epistemic. My first book traces the imprints of British colonialism on state, class, and politics in Pakistan and India by drawing on Antonio Gramsci’s concept of a passive revolution (Democracy, Nationalism and Communalism: The British Legacy in South Asia; Westview, 1995; Routledge, 2020). The next counters patriarchal readings of Islam’s scripture with a liberatory hermeneutics that draws on Qur'anic conceptions of a God beyond sex/ gender (Believing Women in Islam: Unreading Patriarchal Interpretations of the Qur'an, University of Texas Press, 2002; 2019; U.K., Saqi, 2019; and, Believing Women: A Brief Introduction, co-authored with David R. Finn, UTP, 2019). Post 9/ 11/ 2001 writings detail the West's millennium old practice of recycling pejorative images of Islam/ Muslims, suggesting an endless return of the repressed (Islam, Muslims and the U.S., India, Global Media, 2004; Re-understanding Islam: A Double Critique, Netherlands, Van Gorcum, 2008). Some recent essays critique third wave Muslim feminist attempts to dispute the Qur'an's sacrality in the name of women's rights (Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion; and Philosophy and Social Criticism). And current research illustrates that some Qur’anic injunctions about men’s authority vis-à-vis women are historically contingent, not universal rights, as a way to recuperate the Qur'an's emphasis on mutual guardianship and an “ethics of responsibilization” (to rephrase Jacques Derrida) between women and men.
Believing Women was published in Bahasa Indonesian (Jakarta, 2005) while derivative essays have been translated into Arabic, Bengali, Spanish, Dutch, Portuguese, French and German. I've also been invited to speak about it internationally, most memorably in Indonesia, Granada (Spain), Egypt, Russia, and Iceland.
My non-academic work includes poetry, short-stories, and a column for the Muslim, as well as op-eds for Al-Jazeera, The Guardian, Open Democracy, New Statesman and The Daily Times.
I have a B.A. in English Literature and Philosophy (Kinnaird College) and an M.A. (first position) in Journalism (University of the Punjab) (Pakistan), and an M.A. and Ph.D. (with distinction) in International Studies (Graduate School of International Studies; now the Josef Korbel School), University of Denver, U.S.