Asian-American Children: What Teachers Should Know -- a useful digest of research and information.

Stereotypes of Asian American Students -- a very good essay on common stereotypes of Asian American students, and their damaging consequences -- includes good information about Asian American students' experiences in U.S. schools.

Why Are the Asian-American Kids Silent in Class? -- an article by a Japanese American writing teacher and teacher educator who discusses the cultural history and other factors that may contribute to some Asian American students not participating easily in class discussions -- includes a list of good recommendations for teachers.

Meeting the Educational Needs of Southeast Asian Children -- an article about the psycho-social development and needs of many Southeast Asian youth in U.S. schools.

Hmong Home Page -- an excellent site about Hmong culture and issues relevant to working with Laotian, Thai, and Vietnamese American students and families -- lots of valuable information and links to good websites.

Cultural Conflicts -- a section of a book about Hmong culture that details some of the ways in which Hmong Americans experience cultural conflict here in the U.S.

Cupping -- an article about this Asian medical practice, commonly used by traditional Southeast Asian cultural groups, is also sometimes referred to as coining or spooning, depending on the object used. The object is often heated then is rubbed against the skin to generate blood flow and related activity as an act of addressing certain ailments. This practice, which leaves the skin looking bruised, has sometimes been mistaken by teachers as a sign of abuse.

Hmong Music in Vietnam -- the forward of a good book about Hmong music.

A Group of Youth Perform on the Qeej -- another video of qeej playing.

Asian American History Websites -- an excellent set of links to other sites.

Ancestors in the Americas -- A Public Broadcasting Service series exploring the history and legacy of Asians in the Americas -- some great resources, including primary documents.

Asian-Nation -- information about the historical, political, demographic, and cultural issues that make up today's diverse Asian American community.

An Excellent Article -- about a Hmong-American liaison between a school district and the Hmong community in that district.

Lao Family Community of Minnesota -- information about Hmong culture and the refugee experience.

VietGATE -- gateway to the online Vietnamese community.

Refugees and Immigrants: The Southeast Asian Experience as Depicted in Recent American Children's Books -- a good review and discussion of how select children's books present the the Southeast Asian immigrant experience.

Khmer Music -- MP3's of Cambodian music.

Khmer Song -- more clips of Khmer music.

A Performance on the Qeej -- a YouTube clip of a man playing the Qeej, a central traditional instrument in Hmong and some other Southeast Asian cultures.

A Qeej Performance with Drums -- a powerful and creative sound and performance.

Hmong Find Ways to Keep Traditional Music Alive -- a radio segment about traditional music in the Hmong culture and how younger generations of Hmong are finding new ways to keep this music alive.

Speaking Musically: An Introduction to Traditional Hmong Music -- a video introduction to traditional Hmong music.

The Hmong Qeej -- one of the oldest harmonic instruments in the world, the Qeej is a bamboo and wooden mouth organ found throughout Eastern Asia -- it plays a central role in Hmong music and traditions.

Voices from the Gaps -- a great website about "women writers of color" -- good bios and links.

Asian Nation -- This website has useful articles and statistic about Asian cultural, specifically as it pertains to Asian-Americans.

Pacific Islanders Lagging Behind -- This article discusses the proportionally low number of Pacific Islanders in higher education.

Language Matters: Strengthening Asian and Pacific Islander Language Education at Berkeley -- This two hour video is a resource for educators in higher education.

Some Good Books and Articles

Campano, G. Immigrant Students and Literacy: Reading, Writing, and Remembering (Teachers College Press, 2007)

Bankston, C. & Zhou, M. 1995. Effects of Minority-Language Literacy on the Academic Achievement of Vietnamese Youth In New Orleans. Sociology of Education, 68(1): 1-17.

Bankston, C. & Zhou, M. 1997. Valedictorians and Delinquents: The Bifurcation of Vietnamese American Youth. Deviant Behavior, 18(4): 343-63.

Caplan, N., Choy, M. & Whitmore, J. 1992. Indochinese Refugee Families and Academic Achievement. Scientific American, 266(2): 36-42.

Caplan, N., Whitmore, J. & Choy, M. 1989. The Boat People and Achievement in America: A Study of Family Life, Hard Work and Cultural Values. University of Michigan Press.

Chuong, C. 1994. Vietnamese Students: Changing Patterns, Changing Needs. Many Cultures Publishing.

Jacobs, L. 1990. An Ethnographic Study of Four Hmong Students: Implications for Educators and Schools. In S. Goldberg (Ed.) Readings on Equal Education: Volume 10. AMS Press.

Davis, D. & McDaid, J. 1992. Identifying Second-Language Students' Needs: A Survey of Vietnamese High School Students. Urban Education, 27(1): 32-40.

Fadiman, A. 1997. The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down -- culture and different views of life, health, and medical health practices. Farrar, Strauss, and Giroux.

Freeman, J. 1989. Hearts of Sorrow: Vietnamese-American Lives. Stanford University Press.

Haines, D. (Ed.) 1989. Refugees as Immigrants: Cambodians, Laotians, and Vietnamese in America. Rowman and Littlefield.

Hones, D. and Cha, C. 1999. Educating Americans: Immigrant Lives and Learning -- what it means to be an American through the history of a Hmong refugee from Laos. Lawrence Erlbaum.

Kitano, H. & Daniels, R. 2000. Asian Americans: Emerging Minorities. Prentice Hall.

Lee, J. 1991. Asian Americans: Oral Histories of First to Fourth Generation Americans from China, the Philippines, Japan, India, the Pacific Islands, Vietnam and Cambodia. The New Press.

Lee, S. 1994. Behind the Model-Minority Steretype: voices of High and Low Achieveing Asian American Students. Anthropology and Education Quarterly, December.

Lee, S. 1996. Unraveling the Model Minority Stereotype: Listening to Asian American Youth. Teachers College Press.

Lew, J. 2006. Asian Americans in Class: Charting the Achievement Gap Among Korean American Youth. Teachers College Press.

Lott, J. 1998. From Racial Category to Multiple Identities. AltaMira Press

Min, P. 1995. Asian Americans: Contemporary Trends and Issues. Sage Publications.

Ng, F. (Ed.) 1998. The History and Immigration of Asian Americans. Garland Publishing.

Ooka Pang, V. & Cheng, L. 1998. Struggling to Be Heard: The Unmet Needs of Asian Pacific American Children. State University of New York Press.

Rang, X. & Endo, R. 2011. Asian American Education: Identities, Racial Issues, and Languages. Peter Lang.

Rumbaut, R. 1999. Assimilation and Its Discontents: Ironies and Paradoxes. In J. DeWind et al., (Eds.) Becoming American, America Becoming. Russell Sage Foundation.

Smith-Hefner, N. 1990. Language and Identity in the Education of Boston-Area Khmer. Anthropology and Education Quarterly, vol. 21.

Takaki, R. 1998. Strangers From a Different Shore. Back Bay Books.

Tuan, M. 2001. Forever Foreigners or Honorary Whites? The Asian American Experience Today. Rutgers University Press.

Ung, L. 2000. First They Killed My Father: A Daughter of Cambodia Remembers. Perennial.

Zhou, M. 1997. Growing Up American: The Challenge Confronting Immigrant Children and Children of Immigrants. Annual Review of Sociology, 23: 63-95.

Zhou, M. & Bankston, C. 1998. Growing Up American: How Vietnamese Children Adapt to Life in the United States. Russell Sage Foundation.

Zhou, M. and Bankston, C. 2000. Straddling Two Worlds: The Experience of Vietnamese Refugee Children in the United States. ERIC Urban Diversity Series -- ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education, Teachers College, Columbia University.

Zia, H. 2000. Asian American Dreams: The Emergence of an American People. Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

Films & Videos

Vietnamese Americans: The New Generation. 2003. Through candid interviews with first and second-generation Vietnamese Americans, this program documents the process of assimilation into American culture of refugees from the former Republic of Vietnam. Topics include stresses on the family unit caused by cultural and generational differences, gang membership and drug abuse among the young, anti-Vietnamese racial bias, and feelings about relations between the U.S. and Vietnam.

Daughter From Danang. 2002 -- award winning documentary about a Vietnamese American woman who was given up for adoption after the war in Vietnam, and as a young adult reunites with her Vietnamese mother and family.

My America: Or Honk If You Love Buddha. 1997. Voices and personalities of Asian Americans across the U.S.

Moving Mountains: Story of the Yiu Mien. 1990. About the cultural struggles of Laotian refugees living in the U.S. Pacific Northwest.

Slaying the Dragon: Images of Asian American Women in Film. 1988. An analysis of stereotypes about Asian women in U.S. film.


Lee, S. J. 1994. Behind the Model-Minority Stereotype: Voices of High- and Low-Achieving Asian American Students. Anthropology and Education Quarterly 25:4