Valuing Life, Disability or Not -- a radio commentary by Ben Mattlin, who has been quadriplegic since birth. At the memorial service for a friend with a disability who passed away, he came to realize the world needs to expand its definition of what it means to live a successful life, disability or not.

Me and Tanja Dancing -- a brief video of a man who is paraplegic dancing beautifully with a woman who is an able bodied modern dancer.

Special Education in America -- an excellent 2008 report on the state of students with disabilities in U.S. high schools -- includes a great deal of information and good background and overview -- a highly recommended read.

National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities -- a great resource for educators, parents, and others -- includes information about disabilities, law, inclusion, and other educational issues and practices.

Special Education Resource Guide -- lots of links to great sites and resources.

Racial Inequity in Special Education -- an executive summary of a national study conducted by the Civil Rights Project, located at UCLA. This summary states:"Minority children with disabilities all too often experience inadequate services, low-quality curriculum and instruction, and unnecessary isolation from their nondisabled peers. Moreover, inappropriate practices in both general and special education classrooms have resulted in overrepresentation, misclassification, and hardship for minority students, particularly black children." It also offers a number of useful recommendations for improved policy and practice.

Disparate Measures -- a compelling 2002 article about the disproportionate number of youth of color, especially African American males, placed in special education.

A Ghetto Within a Ghetto -- a 2003 article about the research of Gary Orfield and Daniel Losen documenting that African American children, especially males, are overrepresented in special education programs.

Black Over-Representation in Special Education Not Confined to Segregation States -- a 2003 article that makes the point that many states have this problem, not just those that may have resisted school desegregation in the 1970's.

Minority Students in Special and Gifted Education -- a 2002 report that presents research by the National Research Council documenting the disproportionately high number of minority students in special education and the disproportionately low number of minority students in gifted programs.

Addressing Over-Representation of African American Students in Special Education -- a 2002 report that presents data documenting this problem and things educators and community members can do to address it.

Does New Orleans Welcome Disabled Students? -- this 2011 radio report says "no", and attributes the problem to the post-Katrina use of a marketplace model of public charter schools in New Orleans to which students must apply and compete for admission -- consistent with other studies, the report argues that many charter schools do not provide a welcoming environment or quality services for students with disabilities.

Kids as Self Advocates -- an organization of and for youth with special needs to give them voice to speak on their own behalf -- an excellent source of information and perspective about issues of education, culture, transportation, media, athletics, technology, dating, health, and much more -- highly recommended for educators.

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act: Amendments of 1997 -- a government site with information about this important legislation.

Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004: The Document -- the actual document that is a public law -- very informative and helpful, particularly in its akcnowledgement of the over-representation of students of color in special education and in its presentation of the connection between this law and No Child Left Behind policies.

IDEA Data Website -- data about the Individual with Disabilities Act.

The Illusion and Broken Promises of Special Education -- a 2005 article in Education Week, by Kalman Hettleman, about current and longstanding issues in special education -- (for Ithaca College students in Social and Cultural Foundations of Education, this is also available at the course website).

The Road to Nowhere:The Illusion and Broken Promises of Special Education in the Baltimore and Other Public Schools -- a 2004 report by Kalman Hettleman about the failure of the the educational system to provide appropriate resources and treatment for many special education students.

IDEA Partnership -- a website "dedicated to improving outcomes for students and youth with disabilities through shared work and learning".

National Disability Policy: A Progress Report -- a 2002 report by the National Council on Disability that suggests, among other things, that the No Child Left Behind Act fails to address a number of important issues affecting students with disabilities.

Has Progress Been Made in Raising Achievement for Students with Disabilities? -- a 2009 report that suggests the achievement of students with disabilities is improving nationally-- the tests and measures have issues, and there are points of disagreement, but it appears that there is improvement and that much of this can be attributed to the No Child Left Behind Act and its requirement that students with disabilities be included in standardized testing as part of holding schools and educators accountable.

Misunderstood Minds -- an extension of the PBS website, this site is a great resource for teachers, parents and students dealing with learning disabilities. This website also contains profiles and information on students from the PBS documentary, Misunderstood Minds.

Students with Disabilities Who Drop Out of School: Implications for Policy and Practice -- a 2002 study that looks at this issue in the context of "new school accountability policies and stiffer promotion and graduation requirements."

Policy and Practice Implications for Secondary and Post-Secondary Education and Employment for Students with Disabilities -- statistics about and recommendations for improving high school completion rates for students with disabilities.

Wrightslaw -- a site of advocacy for and information about education for students with disabilities.

Project CHOICES -- an organization devoted to supporting inclusive education. CHOICES stands for: Children Have Opportunities In Inclusive Communities, Environments, and Schools.

Inclusion -- a University of Northern Iowa site with good resources for educators and parents.

Disabilities Fight Grows as Taxes Pay for Tuition -- an article in the NYTimes about parents bringing cases against school districts in order to have private school tuition paid for their children with disabilities, in cases where they feel the school district has not provided adequate education.

Special Education Resources on the Internet -- lots of good information and links about different disabilities, the law, effective educational practices, and much more.

Count Me In: Special Education in an Era of Standards -- a report discussing the ramifications of the No Child Left Behind Act requiring that students with disabilities take the same standardized tests as typical students and achieve at the same minimum level of proficiency.

Early Childhood Research Institute on Inclusion (ECRII) -- lots of useful information about specific issues and effective programs.

National Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center -- lots of good resources -- this organization supports the implementation of the early childhood provisions of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Their mission is to strengthen service systems to ensure that children with disabilities (birth through five) and their families receive and benefit from high quality, culturally appropriate, and family-centered supports and services.

The Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services -- a U.S. Government Office offering support, resources, history and more.

Special Education Expenditure Project -- a 2003 report about the costs associated with educating students with different types of disabilities.

National Council on Disability -- "an independent federal agency making recommendations to the President and Congress on issues affecting Americans with disabilities."

Council for Exceptional Children -- an excellent website with information about various disabilities and ideas on how to educate children with special needs.

National Organization on Disability -- a good advocacy organization -- good information and links.

Medical Library: Disability Resource Center -- a good source of information about many different disabilities.

Institute on Disability Culture -- an organization that serves "to promote pride in the history, activities, and cultural identity of individuals with disabilities throughout the world. The purpose of this site is to provide information about disability culture and to share examples of our culture."

Disability History and Culture Resources -- "real life stories told by youth and young adults with disabilities about disability history & culture."

Disability in Media -- a good discussion of damaging media stereotypes about people with disabilities.

Disabilities in the Media: The Movies -- an article that poses the question, "After decades of stereotyped, often demeaning portrayals, has Hollywood gotten any better at showing the complexity of living with a disability?"

Women with Disabilities On Media Issues -- good material concerning stereotypes in the media about people with disabilities.

Teaching Tolerance Magazine Resources on Issues of Equity, Respect, and Opportunity for Students with Disabilities -- a number of articles and links presenting some very good programs and information.

Guidelines for Reporting and Writing about People with Disabilities -- a set of guidelines primarily for journalists that has clear relevance for educators and others.

Links to Disability Resources -- good links for e-zines, media and periodicals.

More Students with Disabilities Graduating -- a 1999 report about improved graduation rates of students with disabilities as a consequence of legislation and change over the preceding 25-30 years.

Advancing the Dialogue on Inclusion -- history, information about legislation, and good links.

Circle of Inclusion -- an organization for early childhood service providers and families of young children that offers demonstrations of and information about the effective practices of inclusive educational programs for children from birth through age eight

Conditions Necessary for Desirable Outcomes in Inclusive Classrooms -- a summary of a study that presents information about the characteristics of effective inclusive classrooms.

The Inclusive Classroom Debate -- a good brief discussion that includes links to a number of good resources about the benefits and practice of inlusion.

Including Samuel -- an excellent documentary about a boy with disabilities named Samuel, his family, and other young people with disabilities. The film focuses on experiences of students, family members, and educators as these relate to the inclusion of students with disabilities in the mainstream of education. The website includes information about the film as well as resources for educators, youth with disabilities, parents, and others.

The Fingerlakes Independence Center -- an organization in Ithaca, NY with the following mission statement: "We believe that a society which is inclusive of people with disabilities is beneficial to all of its members. Furthermore, we believe that individual and group attitudes toward people with disabilities often create closed social structures and architectural barriers which are detrimental to all members of society. The mission of the Finger Lakes Independence Center is to work toward the elimination of these obstacles, to empower people with disabilities, and thereby create an inclusive society."

Inclusion in Science Education for Students with Disabilities -- a wide range of useful information including specific teaching ideas and strategies.

Resources to Support Individual Learning Needs -- a British site that provides links to educate teachers, parents, and care takers about successful inclusion classrooms.

Dolly Gray Award for Children's Literature in Developmental Disabilities -- a list and description of these award-winning books that "appropriately portray individuals with developmental disabilities." The award is a collaborative work by members of the Division of Developmental Disabilities (DDD) of the Council for Exceptional Children (CEC) and the Special Needs Project (a distributor of books related to disability issues).

Communicating with Culturally Diverse Parents of Exceptional Children -- an article about the importance of cultural awareness, knowledge, and sensitivity in working with the parents/caregivers of culturally diverse students with disabilities.

Co-Teaching: Partnership for Success -- information about why and how to co-teach as part of a successful approach to inclusion.

Special Education Inclusion -- a good online article by the Wisconsin Education Association.

Finding a Better Way to Play For Students With Disabilities -- a good article about a movement to more fully include students with disabilities in active play with other children.

Adapted Physical Education -- information and resources about accommodations in physical education.

The Palaestra Organization -- an excellent site and forum about sport, physical education, and recreation for those with disabilities.

National Center On Physical Activity and Disability -- good information and resources about the value of people with disabilities staying physically active.

Project Inspire -- adapted physical education.

The Special Olympics -- the home page of this great organization.

Yahoo.com Directory of Resources -- useful links.

LD Online -- a good site dedicated to learning disabilities.

Educating Students with Learning Disabilities -- a report by the National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities about resources for educators that will help them work more effectively with students who have learning disabilities.

SparkTop -- a site that provides games and online learning experiences for youth "who learn differently" -- a site "where no two brains think alike" -- a site where youth who "learn differently" can "connect with other kids and discover new ways to succeed in school and in life."

National Attention Deficit Disorder Association -- information and resources in support of people with ADD/ADHD.

Teaching Children with Attention Deficit Disorder -- good practical strategies for teachers.

Children and Adults with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder - a national organization addressing the important issue.

ADD/ADHD Links Page -- a wealth of useful links and topics.

Teaching Students with ADHD -- good strategies and techniques.

ADHD.com -- a very full page with lots of resources and links.

ADD.About.com -- more good articles and links.

Attention.com -- information and resources related to increasing attention, focus, and motivation.

National Down Syndrome Society -- "The mission of the NDSS is to be the national advocate for the value, acceptance, and inclusion of people with Down syndrome." The site includes excellent educational information, stories about and by people with Down syndrome, and lots of other good resources.

Down Syndrome Online -- a great resource for learning about people and children with Down syndrome -- includes an online journal with extensive research relevant to teaching children and youth with Down syndrome and much more.

A Guide to Children's Literature and Disability -- books indexed by reading level, age, and different disabilities.

Inclusion.com -- books, videos, workshops, and links.

Prelude Therapy -- music therapy and the special needs student.

Apraxia Kids -- a good website directed at parents, teachers and speech specialists -- lots of articles, research and links.

Center for the Study of Autism -- extensive links and resources, including video clips and much more.

Educating the Student With Asperger's Syndrome -- presents learning and behavioral characteristics of Asperger's Syndrome students and teaching strategies.

Very Special Arts -- a site about integrating the arts into the education of students with disabilities.

Stretching the Senses in "Touch the Sound" -- a radio piece about a documentary film that focuses on Evelyn Glennie, an great percussionist and composer who has been deaf since she was twelve.

National Arts and Disability Center -- a site that promotes the inclusion of people with special needs into the visual, performing, media, and literary arts communities.

Educating Jewish Children with Special Needs -- a website that talks about teaching Jewish children with special needs.

Soundbeam -- this is a revolutionary means of giving students with disabilities a new way to express themselves.

Options in Deaf Education—History, Methodologies, and Strategies for Surviving the System -- article that gives background information about Deaf culture and discusses the different choices for education.

SoundBeam -- website discussing the use of sound-beaming, which is a relatively new technology which allows even profoundly physically or learning impaired individuals be expressive and communicative through music.

All Kinds of Minds -- website of a non-profit institute that reports on the latest research concerning the different ways in which children learn and strategies to help student with learning disabilities.

Recordings for the Blind and Dyslexic -- a non-profit organization that provides accessible audio recordings of vast material for individuals with visual impairment and learning disabilities.

For a College Applicant With a Learning Disability, Additional Hurdles -- a New York Times blog article that discusses how the college admissions process can be unfair, and how it might be changed in the future to be more equitable to students with learning disabilities.

College Gets Tougher on Verifying Learning Disabilities of Aid Applicants -- this New York Times article discusses how colleges have become more discriminating about how they educate students with learning disabilities.

Deaf Education Learning Environments -- a website discussing the educational options for deaf students.

Deaf Education -- This website has a list of deaf education programs by state and has general information about educating deaf students.

Deaf Persons and Experts Speak Out Against Inclusion -- article on Deaf-Info website.

Deaf Education: A Parent's Guide -- website containing information parents need to make decisions for their deaf child's education.

National Association of the Deaf -- a website providing information about deaf education for teachers, students, and parents.

Learn About Being Hearing Impaired -- a website providing information on hearing loss and cochlear implants.

How the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) Applies to Deaf and Hard of Hearing Students -- this report is a helpful resource for learning about IDEA and the specific implications it has on deaf and hard of hearing individuals.

Strategies for Teaching Students with Hearing Impairments -- information about teaching students with hearing impairments, as well as general information about typical classroom behavior of a hearing impaired student. The website is geared towards a science class, but the strategies provided can be applied to any subject matter.

Accountability, Ability and Disability: Gaming the System? -- this article provides a specific example of the testing system in Florida public schools and describes how the testing system over-identifies students of color and poor students as having disabilities, based on the results of only one test. 

Autism Speaks -- This organization is the nation's largest Autism science and advocacy group.  The website is comprehensive and covers all aspects of the disorder and is up to date on current laws and legislation about Autism.

The Autism Education Network --  This site has information about the important of education for Autistic children.  It is a resource for parents to know their rights and the rights of their children, and is helpful for educators trying to understand the perspective of parents of Autistic children.

Teaching Tips for Children and Adults with Autism -- This article from the Autism Research Institute offers tips from a well known doctor of animal science who is Autistic.

Articles on Educational Approaches -- This site offers a variety of articles focused on different approaches to educating students with disabilities.

Applied Behavior Analysis --  This article explain Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) Therapy, which is one of the most common types of therapy for children with Autism.

The R Word -- The website for the "Spread the Word to End the Word" movement which aims to raise awareness about people with disabilities and asks people to pledge to stop using the "r-word" in their everyday speech.

National Center for Learning Disabilities -- This is a resource that is helpful for educating students with learning disabilities.

Child Development Institute -- A list of suggested classroom interventions for students with learning disabilities, including ADD.

Language-Learning Disabilities -- An article with classroom techniques for teaching students with language-learning disabilities.

Music Therapy and Music Education -- this is an informative article, which discusses some recent developments in these fields, and descriptions of what is available.

Science of Music -- this site offers some unique ways to educate children about music.

Grants Center -- this site offers several suggestions of ways and places to get grants for new music equipment written and accepted.

Music and Special Education Needs -- this web site offers some great tools to help develop and plan out inclusive music education into the classroom.

Strategies for Teaching Students with Learning Disabilities -- this site offers a brief description of the problems faced by students with learning disabilities and offers teaching strategies on different areas of education including strategies on writing tests and exams.

Learning Disabilities Association of America -- the Learning Disabilities Association of America website offers information about learning disabilities organized into different sections relevant for teachers, parents, adults, professionals.

Five Homework Strategies for Teaching Students with Disabilities -- this website states that not only are special accommodations needed in the classroom but on homework as well for students with learning disabilities.

Learning Disabilities -- this site uses a personal story to show an example of a learning disability in real life and then offers tips for parents and teachers.

Teaching for Inclusion -- this site discusses the warning signs of different learning disabilities and explains the effects these disabilities have in different academic areas.

Inclusion :Children Who Learn Together, Live Together -- a great site to learn about what inclusion is and all the different benefits that come from it. It is designed for parents with children who have disabilities, without disabilities, and students to look at and learn.

The Circle of Inclusion -- this site provides insight onto all the different topics of inclusion. It gives a teacher the ability to find lessons to use to teach their classes with.

Parents for Inclusion -- a great informational site that offers a lot of comfort to parents with children who have disabilities.

The National Center on Physical Activity and Disability: Disabilities and Conditions -- a resource on how to adapt activities for students with disabilities.

Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired -- educational services for the blind and visually impaired for students in Texas.

U.S. Department of Labor: Teacher-Special Educations -- a resource for teachers that describes the working conditions, training, and qualifications for special education.

Wisconsin Education Association Council: Special Education Inclusion -- an article that gives an overview of special education concerning the inclusion of students with disabilities.

Southwest Educational Development Laboratory: Inclusion: The Pros and Cons -- an educational article discussing the pros and cons of inclusion, as well as a brief history.

Disabled Sports USA: The National Center on Physical Activity and Disability -- information on a variety of topics related to physical activity and disability.

Some Good Books and Articles

Affleck, J., Madge, S., Adams, A. and Lowenbraun, S. 1988. Integrated Classrooms Versus the Resource Model: Academic Viability Effectiveness. Exceptional Children, 54(4).

Alvin, J. and Warwick, A. 1991. Music Therapy for the Autistic Child. Oxford University Press.

Amsel, R. et al. 1988. Interaction Between College Students with Physical Disabilities & Their Professors. Journal of Applied Rehabilitation Counseling, 19(1): 13-20.

Apache, R., and Goyakla, R. 2004. A Developmentally Appropriate Lesson Supports an Inclusive Physical Education Class. Teaching Elementary Physical Education, v 15 n 5: 42.

Arries, J. 1994. An Experimental Spanish Course for Learning Disabled Students. Hispania 77: 110-17.

Artiles, A. & Trent, S. 1994. Overrepresentation of Minority Students in Special Education: A Continuing Debate. Journal of Special Education, 27: 410-437.

Artiles, A. & Zamora-Duran, G. 1997. Reducing Disproportionate Representation of Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Students in Special and Gifted Education. The Council for Exceptional Children.

Artiles, A., Harry, B., Reschly, D. & Chinn, P. 2001. Over-Identification of Students of Color in Special Education: A Critical Overview. Monarch Center, University of Illinois Chicago.

Atterbury, B. 1990. Mainstreaming Exceptional Learners. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall.

Bennett-Walker, D., Dyal, A., & Flynt, S. 1996. Schools and Inclusion: Principal's Perceptions. Tthe Clearing House, v. 70, p.32.

Blenk, K. 1995. Making School Inclusion Work: A Guide to Everyday Practice. Cambridge, MA : Brookline Books.

Browder, D., Gibbs, S., Ahlgrim, Delzell, L., Courtade, G., Mraz, M., & Flowers, C. 2009. Literacy for Students With Severe Developmental Disabilities: What Should We Teach and What Should We Hope to Achieve? Remedial and Special Education, 30(5), 269-282.

Bruckner, S. 1998. The Whole Musician: A Multi-sensory Guide to Practice, Performance, and Pedagogy. Santa Cruz: Effey Street Press.

Connor, D. 2006. Michael's Story: “I Get Into So Much Trouble Just by Walking”: Narrative Knowing and Life at the Intersections of Learning Disability, Race, and Class. Equity & Excellence in Education, 39(2): 154-165.

Costello, E. 1995. Signing: How to Speak with Your Hands. Bantam Books.

Dangel, H., Keel, M. & Owens, S. 1999. Selecting Instructional Interventions for Students with Mild Disabilities in Inclusive Classrooms. Focus on Exceptional Children, 31(8): 1-16.

Darrow, A., & Johnson, C. 1997. The Effect of Positive Models of Inclusion on Band Students’ Attitudinal Statements Regarding the Integration of Students With Disabilities. Journal of Research in Music Education. 45(2): 173-184.

Davern, L. 1996. Listening to Parents of Children with Disabilities. Educational Leaderhsip, April.

Dodge, E. & Mallard, A. 1992. Social Skills Training Using a Collaborative Service Delivery Model. Langauge, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, v. 23, p.130-135.

Donovan, M. & Cross, C. (Eds.), 2002. Minority Students in Special and Gifted Education. Committee on Minority Representation in Special Education, Washington DC: National Academy Press.

Elliot, D. & McKenney, M. 1998. Four Inclusion Models that Work. Teaching Exceptional Children, March/April, p. 54-58.

Fitzgerald, M. 2006. I Send My Best Matthew to School Every Day: Music Educators Collaborating with Parents. Music Educators Journal, Vol. 92 No. 4: 40-45.

Freeman, C. 2008. A Teacher's Difference. Perspectives on Language and Literacy, 34(3): 25.

Gabel, S. & Danforth, S. 2008. Disability and the Politics of Education: An International Reader. Routledge.

Gallagher, J. 2002. Giftedness and Asperger's Syndrome: A New Agenda. Understanding Our Gifted. Winter 2002.

Gerrard, L. 1994. Inclusive Education: An Issue of Social Justice. Equity and Excellence in Education, v. 27: 58-67.

Giangreco, M. 1996. What Do I Do Now? A Teacher's Guide to Including Students with Disabilities. Educational Leadership, Feb.

Haager, D., and Vaughn, S. 1993. Observations of Students with Learning Disabilities in General Education Classrooms, Exceptional Children: Vol. 60.

Haas, W., Hall, B., & Oyer, H. 2001. Speech, Language, and Hearing Disorders: A Guide for the Teacher. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon.

Hamblet, E. 2009. Helping Your Students With Disabilities During Their College Search. Journal of College Admission, 205: 6-15.

Harry, B. 1992. Cultural Diversity, Families, and the Special Education System. New York: Teachers College Press.

Harry, B. & Klingner, J. 2006. Why Are so Many Minority Students in Special Education? Understanding Race and Disability in Schools. Teachers College Press.

Hart, J. 2009. Strategies for Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Students with Special Needs. Preventing School Failure, 53(3): 197-206.

Haywood, J. 2009. Implications for Creating Inclusive Environments in Choirs: Including Individuals with Special Needs. Lambert Academic Publishing.

Heacox, D. 2002. Differentiating Instruction in the Regular Classroom: How to Reach and Teach All Learners, Grades 3-12. Free Spirit Publishing.

Heyne, L. & Schleien, S. 1997. Teaming Up with Parents to Support Inclusive Recreation. Parks & Recreation, 32(5): 76.

Higgins, E., Raskind, M., Goldberg, R. & Herman, K. 2002. Stages of Acceptance of a Learning Disability: The Impact of Labeling. Learning Disability Quarterly, 25: 3-18.

Holcomb, T. 1997. Development of Deaf Bicultural Identity. American Annals of the Deaf, Vol. 142: 89-93.

Holcomb, T. &Kreeft, J. 1992. ESL Literacy for a Linguistic Minority: The Deaf Experience. National Clearinghouse on Literacy Education.

Horowitz, S. 2008. Learning Styles Versus Learning Disabilities. Children's Voice, 17(2).

Hoover, J. & Patton, J. 2005. Differentiating Curriculum and Instruction for English-Language Learners with Special Needs. Intervention in School and Clinic: 231-235.

Howe, K. & Welner, K. 2002. School Choice and the Pressure to Perform: Deja Vu for Children with Disabilities. Remedial and Special Education, 23(4): 212-21.

Hunt, P., Farron-Davis, F., Beckstead, S., Curtis, D., & Goetz, L. 1994. Evaluating the Effects of Placement on Students with Severe Disabilities in General Education Versus Special Classes. The Journal of the Association for Persons with Severe Handicaps, Vol. 19, Issue 3: 200-214.

Jones, C. 1991. Sourcebook for Children with Attention Deficit Disorder: A Guide for Early Childhood Professionals and Parents. Tucson, AZ: Communication Skill Builders.

Jones, P., Fauske, J. & Carr, J.  (Eds.)  2011.  Leading for Inclusion: How Schools Can Build on the Strengths of All Learners.  Teachers College Press.

Kim, S. 2008. Promoting Lifelong Physical Activity in Children with Disabilities. The Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 79(4): 4.

Lane, H., Hoffmeister, R. & Bahan, B. 1996. A Journey into the Deaf-World. San Diego: Dawn Sign.

Lavay, B. & Rizzo, T. 2000. Inclusion: Why the Confusion? Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance. 71(4).

Lieberman, L., Lytle, R., & Columna, L. 2008. Guidelines for Placement of Children with Disabilities. The Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 79(9): 7.

Lipsky, D. and Gartner, A. (eds.) 1989. Beyond Separate Education: Quality Education for All. Baltimore: Paul Brookes.

Lipsky. D. and Gartner, A. 1996. Inclusion, School Restructuring, and the Remaking of American Society. Harvard Educational Review, 66(4): 762-797.

Losen, D. & Orfield, G. 2002. Racial Inequity in Special Education. Harvard Education Press.

Lowe, R. 1993. Speech Language Pathology and Related Professions in the Schools. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

McCord, K. & Fitzgerald, M. 2006. Children with Disabilities Playing Musical Instruments. Music Educators Journal, Vol. 92 No. 4: 46-52.

McCord, K., & Watts, E. 2006. Collaboration and Access for Our Children: Music Educators and Special Educators Together. Music Educators Journal, Vol. 92 No. 4: 26-33.

McDonnell, L. 1997. Educating One & All: Students with Disabilities and Standards-Based Reform. National Academy Press.

McLaughlin, S. 1998. Introduction to Language Development. Sinclair Publishing Group.

McLeskey, J. & Waldron, N. 1996. Responses to Questions Teachers and Administrators Frequently Ask About Inclusive School Programs. Phi Delta Kappan, 78: p. 150-6.

McLeskey, J. & Waldron, N. 2002. School Change and Inclusive Schools: Lessons Learned from Practice. Phi Delta Kappan, 84(1): 65-72.

Meath-Lang, B. 1997. Dramatic Interactions: Theater Work and the Formation of Learning Communities. American Annals of the Deaf, Vol. 142: 99-101.

Montgomery, W. 2001. Creating Culturally Responsive, Inclusive Classrooms. Teaching Exceptional Children, March/April, p. 4-9.

Moore M., Levitan L. 2003. For Hearing People Only. Deaf Life Press.

Mudgett-DeCaro, P. and Hurwitz, T.A. 1997. Classroom Dialogues and Deaf Identities. American Annals of the Deaf, Vol. 142: 96-99.

National Association for Music Education. 2003. Readings on Diversity, Inclusion, and Music for All.

Nielsen, L. 1997. The Exceptional Child in the Regular Classroom: An Educator's Guide. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.

Nind, M. 2008. Learning Difficulties and Social Class: Exploring the Intersection Through Family Narratives. International Studies in Sociology of Education, 18(2): 87-98.

O'Connor, M. 2009. Service Works! Promoting Transition Success for Students with Disabilities Through Participation in Service Learning. Teaching Exceptional Children, 41(6), 12-17.

Oswald, D. et al., 1999. Ethnic Representation in Special Education: The Influence of School-Related Economic and Demographic Variables. The Journal of Special Education, 32: 194-206.

Owens, R. 1996. Language Development. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Parasnis, I. 1997. Cultural Identity and Diversity in Deaf Education. American Annals of the Deaf, Vol. 142: 72-79.

Patton, J. 1998. The Disproportionate Representation of African Americans in Special Education. The Journal of Special Education, 32(1): 25-31.

Pfiffner, L. 1996. All About ADHD: The Complete Practical Guide for Classroom Teachers. Jefferson City, MO: Scholastic Professional Books.

Pivik, J., McComas, J. & LaFlamme, M. (2002). Barriers and Facilitators to Inclusive Education. Council for Exceptional Children. 69 (1). 97-107.

Putnam, J. 1993. (ed.) Cooperative Learning and Strategies for Inclusion: Celebrating Diversity in the Classroom. Baltimore: Paul Brookes.

Reick, W. and Wadsworth, D. 2005. Assessment Accommodations: Helping Students with Exceptional Learning Needs. Intervention in School and Clinic:105-109.

Reid, G. 2005. Chapter 7 - The Inclusive School: Characteristics and Challenges. in Learning Styles and Inclusion. Paul Chapman Publishing. (p.. 97-110).

Rizzo, T. 2003. Factors Affecting Social Experiences in Inclusive Physical Education. Adapted Physical Education Quarterly, v20 n3: 317.

Rizzo, T. & Lavay, B. 2000. Inclusion: Why the Confusion. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, 71(4): 32-36.

Rodriguez, D. 2009. Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Students with Autism. Childhood Education, 313-317.

Safran, J. 2002. Supporting Students with Asperger's Syndrome in General Education. Teaching Exceptional Children, 34, (5): 60-66.

Sailor, W. (Ed.) 2002. Whole-School Success and Inclusive Education: Building Partnerships for Learning, Achievement, and Accountability. Teachers College Press.

Salend, S. 1998. Effective Mainstreaming: Creating Inclusive Classrooms. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill/Prentice Hall.

Salend, S. 2001. Creating Inclusive Classrooms: Effective and Reflective Practices. Merrill/Prentice Hall.

Schaberg, G. 1988. TIPS: Teaching Music to Special Learners. Reston, VA: Music Educators National Conference.

Schleien, S. 1997. Community Recreation and People with Disabilities: Strategies for Inclusion. Baltimore: Paul Brookes.

Shore, K. 1998. Special Kids Problem Solver. Paramus, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Sireci, S., Scarpati, S. & Li, S. 2005. Test Accommodations for Students with Disabilities: An Analysis of the Interaction Hypothesis. Review of Educational Research, 74: 457-90.

Smith, J.D. 1998. Inclusion: Schools for All Students. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Snedeker, J. (2005). Adaptive Engineering for Musical Instruments. Medical Problems of Performing Artists: 89-98.

Snellings, P., van der Leij, A., de Jong, P. & Blok, H. 2009. Enhancing the Reading Fluency and Comprehension of Children With Reading Disabilities in an Orthographically Transparent Language. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 42(4), 291-305.

Sobol, E. 2001. An Attitude and Approach for Teaching Music to Special Learners. Pentland Press.

Spotlight on Making Music with Special Learners. 2004. The National Association for Music Education. Reston, VA.

Stainback, S., Stainback, W. and Forest, M. (eds.) 1989. Educating All Students in the Mainstream of Regular Education. Baltimore: Paul Brookes.

Swinehart-Jones, D. & Heller, K. 2009. Teaching Students With Severe Speech and Physical Impairments a Decoding Strategy Using Internal Speech and Motoric Indicators. The Journal of Special Education, 43(3), 131-144.

Vance, K. 2004. Adapting Music Instruction for Students with Dyslexia. Choral Journal: 27-31.

Williams, K. 1995. Understanding the Student with Asperger's Syndrome: Guidelines for Teachers. Focus on Autistic Behavior,10(2).s

Wilson, B. 1996. Models of Music Therapy Interventions in School Settings: From Institution to Inclusion. National Association for Music Therapy.

Winslow, R. 1982. College for the Learning Disabled. The New York Times: 70.

Wood, J. 1998. Adapting Instruction to Accommodate Students in Inclusive Settings. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill/Prentice Hall.

Zinar, R. 1987. Music Activities for Special Children. West Nyack, NY: Parker Publishing Company, Inc.

Zipprich, M., Grace, M., & Grote-Garcia, S. 2009. Building Story Schema: Using Patterned Books as a Means of Instruction for Students With Disabilities. Intervention in School and Clinic, 44(5), 294-299.

Some Good Videos/Films

Regular Lives, 1988 -- great examples of effective inclusion in Syracuse, NY.

How Difficult Can This Be? Learning Disabilities Workshop -- a workshop for educators, parents, psychologists, social workers and others that, among other things, provides effective simulations of what it's like to have a learning disability -- an excellent source of information and strategies for working effectively with youth who have learning disabilities..

The Inclusion Dilemma, 1993 -- strategies for effective implementation of inclusion.

Educating Peter, 1993, Program Development Associates (800-543-2119) -- presents the complexities and rewards of including children with all disabilities in general classrooms -- follows the inclusion of Peter, a boy with down syndrome and his evolving relationships with his classmates.

Sean's Story, 1994 -- compares the school experiences of two students with Down's syndrome, one who is fully included in typical classroom education, and another who is separated in special education preparation for vocational work.

ADHD: Inclusive Instruction and Collaborative Practices, 1995, Council for Exceptional Children (888-232-7323) -- presents techniques teachers can use, in typical classrooms, with students who have ADHD.

Misunderstood Minds, 2002 -- a PBS documentary that addresses the issue of children whose learning disabilities go unidentified and the effects it can have on the students' academic and social success.

Developing Minds Multimedia Library, 2007 -- A 22-video library with 18 print guides that focuses on connection between brain functions and learning.  Experts offer their opinion and professional advice to teachers and parents on how to understand and educate a child with a learning disability.

Autism The Musical -- This 2007 HBO film is about how students with Autism can improve their social interaction through music education and musical theater.

Including Samuel, 2009 -- an excellent documentary about a boy with disabilities named Samuel,his family, and other young people with disabilities -- focuses on experiences and issues related to the inclusion of students with disabilities in the mainstream of education.


Teaching Students with Autism: A Resource Guide for Schools -- This article focuses on giving teachers and educators the resources they need to manage classroom behavior, and more effectively teach children with autism.

Cawthon, S. W., Winton, S. M., Garberoglio, C. L., & Gobble, M. E.

Clark, C.. 2000. The Role of Assistive Listening Devices in the Classrooms. PEPNet Tipsheet.

Is Your Child Ready for a Mainstream School? -- This is a site that helps parents think about if their child is truly ready for a mainstream school including information for selecting an optimal school setting for their child.

More Students with Disabilities Heading to College -- This article discusses new collegiate programs for students with disabilities.

Individualized Educational Support Strategies for Students with Autism in Inclusive Classroom Settings -- an article for educators that serves as an introduction to teaching students on various levels of the Autism Spectrum. The article provides a brief introduction about Autism, as well as strategies to promote inclusion, organize the classroom, differentiate curriculum, and provide teaching aids.

Grandin, Temple. 2006. Thinking in Pictures. Random House, Inc.

Hayes Greenfield & Jazz-A-Ma-Tazz in Special Education-- This video shows exceptional students participating in the music making process and demonstrates how students can connect and communicate with others through music.

Barquisimeto – Special Needs Children – Choir & White Hands Choir – Ave Maria -- a video of a choir of children with and without special needs singing together.

The Role of Music in the Education of Special Learners -- website outlining the importance of music education in the lives of all students including special education students.

Adaptive Wind Instruments -- This website shows how instruments have been adapted for use by people with physical disabilities. 

Tony DeBlois - A Prodigious Musical Savant -- This article tells the story of a successful musician who has overcome significant challenges. It shows how Tony DeBlois’s musical talent was not hindered by his blindness, autism, or Savant Syndrome.

Inclusive Education -- This website provides a brief history of the idea of inclusive education, starting in the 1950s. This website answers commonly asked questions about inclusion as well as providing recommended teaching practices, and additional links.

Building The Legacy of IDEA 2004 -- This website is sponsored by the Department of Education to provide information about IDEA (The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act) 2004. It provides the a summary of the acts content.

Kilanowski-Press, L., Foote, C. J., & Rinaldo, V. J. 2010. Inclusion Classrooms and Teachers: A Survey of Current Practices. International Journal Of Special Education, 25(3)

Special Education Inclusion --Website that provides basic information about special education inclusion. It also provides additional resources related to Special Education inclusion

For High School Athlete with Down Syndrome, Age is an Issue -- An article following a student with down syndrome who found his nitch at school by being a part of the school's basketball team.

Video- Alternate School for Children with Learning Disabilities -- This video shows an alternate private school where students with learning disabilities get an education while working on improving the parts of the brain that are slower or not as developed.

New definition of autism will exclude many, studies suggest -- This article from The New York Times discusses how the upcoming DSM-V (Diagnostic and Statistic Manual of Mental Disorders) will redefine Autism Spectrum Disorder. The controversy and possible outcomes of the new diagnosis are discussed.

Acquainting Parents with New Special Ed Plans -- The new special education reform is aiming to provide students in special education programs with more mainstream education classroom settings.  

Helping Dyslexic Children in the Classroom --This site offers techniques and tools for working with dyslexic students that teachers should know for the classroom such as: copying notes from the board, math, and more.  

Dance Therapy for Special Needs Children -- This video shows some of the benefits that come from dance and movement therapy. Movement and exercise are great ways to help children with special needs. Integrating dance into physical education classes, or even a language arts or math class, can be very helpful for children with special needs.

Lyons, J., Cappadocia, M. C., & Weiss, J. A. 2011. Social characteristics of students with autism spectrum disorders across classroom settings. Journal on Developmental Disabilities. 17(1).

Schopler, E., Van Bourgondien, M., Wellman, G., & Love, S. 2011. Review of ‘childhood autism rating scale’. Journal of psychoeducational assessment. 29(5).

The Autism Society -- The Autism Society was founded in 1965. Their website provides comprehensive information about the organization and provides helpful resources on autism.

Webber, J., & Scheuermann, B. 2008. Educating students with autism: A quick start manual. Pro-Ed.

Visual Strategies: Valuable Support At Any Age -- This article demonstrates how people can use visual strategies to aid someone who has an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). ASD tend to learn visually rather and aurally.

Kanaya R. & MacFarline, J. R. 2009. What Does it Mean to be Autistic? Inter-state Variation in Special Education Criteria for Autism Services. Springer Science + Business Media, 18.

Gense, M. H. & Gense, DJ. 2011. Autism Spectrum Disorders and Visual Impairment Are Here to Stay: Using an Expanded Core Curriculum to Implement a Comprehensive Program of Instruction. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness. 105 (6)

Elder, J. H. & D’Alessandro, T. 2009. Supporting Families of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders: Questions Parents Ask and What Nurses Need to Know. Pediatric Nursing, 35 (4)

Harris, S. L. & Ferraioli, S. J. 2010. Effective Educational Inclusion of Students on the Autism Spectrum. Springer Science + Business Media, 41,