What is occupational therapy and what do occupational therapists do?
Occupational therapy is a health and wellness rehabilitation profession focusing on the needs of individuals, families, communities, and populations. Occupational therapists work with people of all ages who need specialized assistance to lead independent, productive, and satisfying lives due to physical, developmental, social, or emotional problems. Occupational therapists use the "occupations" of self-care, work, and play/leisure activities to increase independence, enhance development, and/or prevent disability. To achieve these goals occupational therapists may adapt the task or the environment, help restore or establish skills needed to perform a task, or provide adaptive equipment or technology if needed. For more information on occupational therapy visit the American Occupational Therapy Association web site.
What does occupational science mean?
Occupational science is a discipline that provides the basic science information about "occupations" or activities that support the practice of occupational therapy. Occupational science studies how activities meet the needs of individuals and communities, and provide meaning and purpose to life; how activity produces changes in the individual and different patterns of occupation. This is similar to how sociology is applied in social work, and biology applied in medicine.
Is occupational therapy the same as physical therapy?
No, they are not the same. The occupational therapist helps people of all ages (from newborns to older adults) who have an illness or disability to do those things that are important and meaningful to them such as eating, dressing, school activities, and work. The occupational therapist helps by making changes in any of the things that may limit an individual's ability to do those tasks, including the environment, the task, or the person's skills needed for the task. Occupational therapists also have the knowledge and training to work with people with a mental illness or emotional problems such as depression and/or stress.
Where do occupational therapists work?
Occupational therapists work in a variety of settings. These could include hospitals, rehabilitation centers, nursing facilities, home health, outpatient clinics, private practice, school systems, private organizations, industry, and community agencies such as return to work programs, prisons, and community settings. The number of different places where therapists work is growing every year.
What are the job outlook and salary expectations like for occupational therapists?
The future outlook is good for occupational therapists. The Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts that employment of occupational therapists will grow 24 percent from 2016 to 2026, much faster than the average for all occupations. Occupational therapy will continue to be an important part of treatment for people with various illnesses and disabilities, such as Alzheimer’s disease, cerebral palsy, autism, or the loss of a limb.
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (2017), the median salary for occupational therapists is $83,200.00. There are regional and setting differences across the US.
US News and World Report cited occupational therapy as #9 in the Best Health Care Jobs, and # 11 of the best 100 careers in the US in their 100 Best Jobs of 2018 report.
Who should study occupational therapy?
Occupational therapy is a challenging and fascinating job combining creativity and problem solving with the ability to make practical, meaningful changes in a person's life. As an OT you will use your knowledge, critical thinking, and hands-on skills to help others. Since occupational therapists work intensely with people, good personal skills such as good communication skills, an interest and commitment to serving or helping other people, and an interest in social and biological sciences are also helpful.